David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):153-181 (2008)
This paper discusses the ethical and regulatory issues raised by “intragenics” – organisms that have been genetically modified using gene technologies, but that do not contain DNA from another species. Considering the rapid development of knowledge about gene regulation and genomics, we anticipate rapid advances in intragenic methods. Of regulatory systems developed to govern genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand, the Australian system stands out in explicitly excluding intragenics from regulation. European systems are also under pressure to exclude intragenics from regulation. We evaluate recent arguments that intragenics are safer and more morally acceptable than transgenic organisms, and more acceptable to the public, which might be thought to justify a lower standard of regulation. We argue that the exemption of intragenics from regulation is not justified, and that there may be significant environmental risks associated with them. We conclude that intragenics should be subject to the same standard of regulation as other GMOs.
|Keywords||consumers environment ethics genetically modified organisms intragenics nature regulation safety|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Christoph Baumgartner (2006). Exclusion by Inclusion? On Difficulties with Regard to an Effective Ethical Assessment of Patenting in the Field of Agricultural Bio-Technology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (6):521-539.
Donald Bruce (2002). Finding a Balance Over Precaution. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):7-16.
Lawrence Busch (2002). The Homiletics of Risk. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):17-29.
Rogeer Hoedemaekers (2001). Commercialization, Patents and Moral Assessment of Biotechnology Products. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):273 – 284.
Kathrine Hauge Madsen, Preben Bach Holm, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe (2002). Ranking Genetically Modified Plants According to Familiarity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):267-278.
Citations of this work BETA
Henrik Mielby, Peter Sandøe & Jesper Lassen (2013). Multiple Aspects of Unnaturalness: Are Cisgenic Crops Perceived as Being More Natural and More Acceptable Than Transgenic Crops? [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):471-480.
Similar books and articles
Soemini Kasanmoentalib (1996). Science and Values in Risk Assessment: The Case of Deliberate Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (1):42-60.
Margaret Ann Griesse (2007). Developing Social Responsibility: Biotechnology and the Case of DuPont in Brazil. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 73 (1):103 - 118.
Diana M. Bowman & Graeme A. Hodge (2008). A Big Regulatory Tool-Box for a Small Technology. NanoEthics 2 (2):193-207.
E. Ann Clark & Hugh Lehman (2001). Assessment of GM Crops in Commercial Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (1):3-28.
Dane Scott (2005). The Magic Bullet Criticism of Agricultural Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):189-197.
Kristian Toft (2012). GMOs and Global Justice: Applying Global Justice Theory to the Case of Genetically Modified Crops and Food. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):223-237.
Mikael Karlsson (2003). Ethics of Sustainable Development – a Study of Swedish Regulations for Genetically Modified Organisms. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (1):51-62.
J. Robert Loftis (2007). The Other Value in the Debate Over Genetically Modified Organisms. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):151-162.
Bjørn K. Myskja (2006). “The Moral Difference Between Intragenic and Transgenic Modification of Plants”. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (3):225-238.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads27 ( #100,874 of 1,699,648 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #269,935 of 1,699,648 )
How can I increase my downloads?