David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):95-99 (1996)
In the last decade the use of advance directives or living wills has become increasingly common. This paper is concerned with those advance directives in which the user opts for withdrawal of active treatment in a future situation where he or she is incompetent to consent to conservative management but where that incompetence is potentially reversible. This type of directive assumes that the individual is able accurately to determine the type of treatment he or she would have adopted had he or she been competent in this future scenario. The paper argues that this assumption is flawed and provides theoretical and empirical evidence for this. If the assumption is false, and those taking out advance directives do not realise this, then the ethical bases for the use of these advance directives-the maximisation of the individual's autonomy and minimisation of harm-are undermined. The paper concludes that this form of advance directive should be abolished
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Manne Sjöstrand & Gert Helgesson (2008). Coercive Treatment and Autonomy in Psychiatry. Bioethics 22 (2):113–120.
Similar books and articles
Jim Stone (1994). Advance Directives, Autonomy and Unintended Death. Bioethics 8 (3):223–246.
E. Furberg (2012). Advance Directives and Personal Identity: What Is the Problem? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):60-73.
Christopher Buford (2008). Advancing an Advance Directive Debate. Bioethics 22 (8):423-430.
Leslie Pickering Francis (1993). Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):297-322.
David J. Doukas, Toni Antonucci & Daniel W. Gorenflo (1992). A Multigenerational Study on the Correlation of Values and Advance Directives. Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):51 – 59.
Stefania Negri (ed.) (2012). Self-Determination, Dignity and End-of-Life Care: Regulating Advance Directives in International and Comparative Perspective. M. Nijhoff Pub..
Miguel A. Sanchez-Conzalez (1997). Advance Directives Outside the USA: Are They the Best Solution Everywhere? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (3):283-301.
J. Vollmann (2001). Advance Directives in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease; Ethical and Clinical Considerations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):161-167.
Chris Hackler, Ray Moseley & Dorothy E. Vawter (eds.) (1989). Advance Directives in Medicine. Praeger.
Christopher Tollefsen (1998). Response to “Reassessing the Reliability of Advance Directives” by Thomas May (CQ Vol. 6, No. 5) Advance Directives and Voluntary Slavery. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (4):405-413.
Violeta Be Irević (2010). End-of-Life Care in the 21st Century: Advance Directives in Universal Rights Discourse. Bioethics 24 (3):105-112.
David J. Doukas, Using the Family Covenant in Planning End-of-Life Care: Obligations and Promises of Patients, Families, and Physicians.
Helga Kuhse (1999). Some Reflections on the Problem of Advance Directives, Personhood, and Personal Identity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (4):347-364.
Ellen W. Bernal (2008). Review of Planning for Uncertainty: Living Wills and Other Advance Directives for You and Your Family , 2nd Edition by David John Doukas, M.D., and William Reichel, M.D. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):1-3.
Benjamin H. Levi & Michael J. Green (2010). Too Soon to Give Up: Re-Examining the Value of Advance Directives. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):3 – 22.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads12 ( #145,111 of 1,410,275 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,275 )
How can I increase my downloads?