David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy Compass 3 (6):1153-1176 (2008)
This paper reviews the largely psychological literature surrounding apparent failures of human rationality (sometimes referred to as 'the Rationality Wars') and locates it with respect to concepts and issues within more traditional epistemological inquiry. The goal is to bridge the gap between these two large and typically disconnected literatures – concerning rationality and the psychology of human reasoning, on the one hand, and epistemological theories of justified or rational belief, on the other – and to do so in such as way as to expose interesting points of contact and convergence between them.
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References found in this work BETA
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
W. V. Quine (1960). Word and Object. The MIT Press.
Alvin I. Goldman (1986). Epistemology and Cognition. Harvard University Press.
Jerome Barkow, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby (eds.) (1992). The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford University Press.
Jerry A. Fodor (1981). Representations: Philosophical Essays on the Foundations of Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Andrea Polonioli (forthcoming). Adaptive Rationality, Biases, and the Heterogeneity Hypothesis. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-17.
Patrick Rysiew (2015). Argumentation and the Social Significance of Reasons. Episteme 12 (2):309-317.
Andrea Polonioli (2014). Evolution, Rationality, and Coherence Criteria. Biological Theory 9 (3):309-317.
Andrea Polonioli (2013). Re-Assessing the Heuristics Debate. Mind and Society 12 (2):263-271.
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