David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 36 (7):1251-1267 (2012)
In German, nouns are assigned to one of the three gender classes. For most animal names, however, the assignment is independent of the referent’s biological sex. We examined whether German-speaking children understand this independence of grammar from semantics or whether they assume that grammatical gender is mapped onto biological sex when drawing inferences about sex-specific biological properties of animals. Two cross-linguistic studies comparing German-speaking and Japanese-speaking preschoolers were conducted. The results suggest that German-speaking children utilize grammatical gender as a cue for inferences about sex-specific properties of animals. Further, we found that Japanese- and German-speaking children recruit different resources when drawing inferences about sex-specific properties: Whereas Japanese children paralleled their pattern of inference about properties common to all animals, German children relied on the grammatical gender class of the animal. Implications of these findings for studying the relation between language and thought are discussed
|Keywords||Categorization Linguistic relativity Preschool children Grammatical gender Property inference|
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References found in this work BETA
Lera Boroditsky, Lauren A. Schmidt & Webb Phillips (2003). Sex, Syntax, and Semantics. In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. Mit Press. 61--79.
Susan A. Gelman & Ellen M. Markman (1986). Categories and Induction in Young Children. Cognition 23 (3):183-209.
Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.) (2003). Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. Mit Press.
Grant Gutheil, Alonzo Vera & Frank C. Keil (1998). Do Houseflies Think? Patterns of Induction and Biological Beliefs in development1Portions of This Manuscript Were Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Psychonomics Society, 1988.1. [REVIEW] Cognition 66 (1):33-49.
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