In R. Hagengruber (ed.), Proceedings of Philosophy's Relevance in Information Science (forthcoming)
|Abstract||Ontologies are being used by information scientists in order to facilitate the sharing of meaningful information. However, computational ontologies are problematic in that they often decontextualize information. The semantic content of information is dependent upon the context in which it exists and the experience through which it emerges. For true semantic interoperability to occur among diverse information systems, within or across domains, information must remain contextualized. In order to bring more context to computational ontologies, we introduce culture as an essential concept for information science. Culture helps to focus our attention on and make meaning of relevant extrapersonal structures and their qualities and dimensions that comprise the context and background of the world. In our approach, culture is integral to the study of semantics and, consequently, the study of ontologies and information technologies. The meaning we make of entities and phenomena in the world is always shaped by our cultural experience. If we understand culture as the emergent interplay of intrapersonal cognitive structures and extrapersonal structures of the world, then the notion of cognitive and cultural schemas becomes essential to understanding ontology and the ways in which we might achieve authentic semantic interoperability among diverse information systems. We explore the nature of ontologies and reconceptualize them as cultural schemas. Our proposal is an alternative to the historical path from philosophical ontology to computational ontologies as one that adheres primarily to the notion of ontology as a categorization and classification system. The obvious implication for ontology as categorization is that there is a single objective world that exists and that it can be described as entirely separate from the person observing it. We draw upon Heidegger’s examination of ontology to ground ontology in a phenomenological perspective, enabling it to remain flexible and adaptable and to accommodate context.|
|Keywords||ontology category phenomenology hermeneutic culture schemas|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
D. J. Saab (2009). A Conceptual Investigation of the Ontological Commensurability of Spatial Data Infrastructures Among Different Cultures. Earth Science Informatics 2 (4):283-297.
James M. Fielding, Jonathan Simon, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2004). Ontological Theory for Ontological Engineering: Biomedical Systems Information Integration. In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. AMIA.
Barry Smith & Chris Welty (2002). Ontology: Towards a New Synthesis. In Formal Ontology in Information Systems. ACM Press.
Barry Smith (2008). Ontology (Science). In Formal Ontology in Information Systems.
Barry Smith (2005). A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies. In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA.
Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2007). Ontology for Information Systems: Artefacts as a Case Study. Mind and Society 7 (2):143-156.
Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose Leonardo V. Mejino, Dan Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith (2005). A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies. In Proceedings of AMIA Symposium. AMIA.
Chris Brink & Ingrid Rewitzky (2002). Three Dual Ontologies. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (6):543-568.
Mariano Rodr´Iguez, Toward Using Bio-Ontologies in the Semantic Web: Trade-Offs Between Ontology Languages.
D. J. Saab, Culture as Mediator for What is Ready-to-Hand: A Phenomenological Exploration of Semantic Networks.
Werner Ceusters (2011). Switching Partners: Dancing with the Ontological Engineers. In Switching Codes. Thinking through Digital Technology in the Humanities and the Arts. University of Chicago Press.
Pablo Gamallo (2013). Lexical Inheritance with Meronymic Relationships. Axiomathes 23 (1):165-185.
Melissa Haendel, Fabian Neuhaus, David Osumi-Sutherland, Paula M. Mabee, José L. V. Mejino Jr, Chris J. Mungall & Barry Smith (2008). CARO: The Common Anatomy Reference Ontology. In Anatomy Ontologies for Bioinformatics: Principles and Practice. Springer.
Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2004). Endurants and Perdurants in Directly Depicting Ontologies. AI Com¬Munications 13 (4):247–258.
Added to index2010-09-20
Total downloads24 ( #51,675 of 549,126 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #4,588 of 549,126 )
How can I increase my downloads?