David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):36 – 43 (2009)
The term body integrity identity disorder (BIID) describes the extremely rare phenomenon of persons who desire the amputation of one or more healthy limbs or who desire a paralysis. Some of these persons mutilate themselves; others ask surgeons for an amputation or for the transection of their spinal cord. Psychologists and physicians explain this phenomenon in quite different ways; but a successful psychotherapeutic or pharmaceutical therapy is not known. Lobbies of persons suffering from BIID explain the desire for amputation in analogy to the desire of transsexuals for surgical sex reassignment. Medical ethicists discuss the controversy about elective amputations of healthy limbs: on the one hand the principle of autonomy is used to deduce the right for body modifications; on the other hand the autonomy of BIID patients is doubted. Neurological results suggest that BIID is a brain disorder producing a disruption of the body image, for which parallels for stroke patients are known. If BIID were a neuropsychological disturbance, which includes missing insight into the illness and a specific lack of autonomy, then amputations would be contraindicated and must be evaluated as bodily injuries of mentally disordered patients. Instead of only curing the symptom, a causal therapy should be developed to integrate the alien limb into the body image.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Tim Bayne & Neil Levy (2005). Amputees by Choice: Body Integrity Identity Disorder and the Ethics of Amputation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):75–86.
Sabine Muller (2009). Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID)—Is the Amputation of Healthy Limbs Ethically Justified? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):36-43.
J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2008). Two Types of Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience 9 (1):52-53.
Aimee Bryant (2011). Consent, Autonomy, and the Benefits of Healthy Limb Amputation: Examining the Legality of Surgically Managing Body Integrity Identity Disorder in New Zealand. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):281-288.
Helena Preester (2013). Merleau-Ponty's Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):171-184.
V. S. Ramachandran & Paul McGeoch, Can Vestibular Caloric Stimulation Be Used to Treat Apotemnophilia?
Ronald Pies (2009). The Ethics of Limb Amputation and Locus of Disease. Neuroethics 2 (3):179-180.
D. Patrone (2009). Disfigured Anatomies and Imperfect Analogies: Body Integrity Identity Disorder and the Supposed Right to Self-Demanded Amputation of Healthy Body Parts. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):541-545.
Alan Jotkowitz & Ari Zivotofsky (2009). Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) and the Limits of Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):55-56.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads124 ( #30,198 of 1,902,070 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #466,345 of 1,902,070 )
How can I increase my downloads?