Axiomathes 19 (1) (2009)
|Abstract||Levels of reality reflect one kind of complexity, which can be modeled using a specification hierarchy. Levels emerged during the Big Bang, as physical degrees of freedom became increasingly fixed as the expanding universe developed, and new degrees of freedom associated with higher levels opened up locally, requiring new descriptive semantics. History became embodied in higher level entities, which are increasingly individuated, aggregate patterns of lower level entities. Development is an epigenetic trajectory from vaguer to more definite and individuated embodiment, punctuated by the emergence of new integrative levels. It is constrained by being subsumed by lower levels (e.g., physical dynamics) and may be guided by structural attractors as well as by internally stored information (e.g., genes) in the higher levels. I conjecture, on a thermodynamic basis, that the number of levels that become manifest in an expanding universe depends upon its rate of expansion.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Albert Newen & Kai Vogeley (2003). Self-Representation: Searching for a Neural Signature of Self-Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):529-543.
Simon Prosser (2009). Zeno Objects and Supervenience. Analysis 69 (1):18-26.
Ion C. Baianu (forthcoming). Categorical Ontology of Levels and Emergent Complexity: An Introduction. Axiomathes.
Noah Leah Henderson, Joshua D. Goodman, James B. Tenenbaum & F. Woodward (2010). The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective. Philosophy of Science 77 (2).
Arthur L. Stinchcombe (1991). The Conditions of Fruitfulness of Theorizing About Mechanisms in Social Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (3):367-388.
Jorge J. E. Gracia (2009). Categories and Levels of Reality. Axiomathes 19 (2).
Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Alexander A. Fingelkurts (2012). Mind as a Nested Operational Architectonics of the Brain. Physics of Life Reviews 9 (1):49-50.
Dennis Dieks & Henk W. de Regt (1998). Reduction and Understanding. Foundations of Science 3 (1):45-59.
Stanley N. Salthe (forthcoming). Development (and Evolution) of the Universe. Foundations of Science.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #49,656 of 549,550 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,397 of 549,550 )
How can I increase my downloads?