David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (1):3-14 (2009)
The example of the bees, as they appear in Plato’s Phaedo, taken up again in Aristotle’s Politics and in Hobbes’ commentary contained in Leviathan, shows the potential of the phenomenological reading of examples as a method of understanding the basis on which philosophical thought is determined. Sign and communication are peculiar to gregarious and political animal life. In seeking to embody the Aristotelian concept of lógos in the context of a living community, as the basis for interaction and co-existence, we must be sure that our interpretation does not reduce it to what, according to Aristotle, is simply animal behaviour. The Platonic sequence “ass, wolf, bee, god” situates the model of political life between a life in injustice and a life in wisdom. The Aristotelian variationdetermines the lógos on what is just and what is unjust as a natural increment in lucidity, compared with the mere exercising of gregariousness and sociability. Hobbes’ inversion of the Aristotelian example considers a natural reality in the light of the distortions that complicate and make it impossible. Hobbes thus shifts human politics towards artificiality that renders it viable. In each case, the example holds up a different mirror to the same reality
|Keywords||Catholic Tradition History of Philosophy Philosophy and Religion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Josep Monserrat-Molas (2009). “A More Political Animal Than Bees”. Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (1):3-14.
Adriel Trott (2012). The Human Animal. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (2):269-285.
Sean Gaston (2012). The Fables of Pity: Rousseau, Mandeville and the Animal-Fable. Derrida Today 5 (1):21-38.
Sean Allen-Hermanson (2008). Insects and the Problem of Simple Minds: Are Bees Natural Zombies? Journal of Philosophy 105 (8): 389-415.
Michael Davis (1996). The Politics of Philosophy: A Commentary on Aristotle's Politics. Rowman & Littlefield.
Annabel Brett (2010). 'The Matter, Forme, and Power of a Common-Wealth': Thomas Hobbes and Late Renaissance Commentary on Aristotle's Politics. Hobbes Studies 23 (1):72-102.
Steven B. Smith (2012). Political Philosophy. Yale University Press.
Christiane Bailey (2011). The Genesis of Existentials in Animal Life: Heidegger's Appropriation of Aristotle's Ontology of Life. Heidegger Circle Proceedings 1 (1):199-212.
Richard B. Carter (1988). Political Animals and Social Animals as Biologically Meaningful Categories. Human Studies 11 (1):65 - 86.
Christiane Bailey (2007). La vie vegetative des animaux. Heidegger deconstruction of animal life. Phaenex 2 (2):81-123.
Norberto Bobbio (1993). Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition. University of Chicago Press.
Aristotle (1997). Politics: Books Vii and Viii. Clarendon Press.
Steve F. Sapontzis (1995). On Exploiting Inferiors. Between the Species 11 (1-2):1--24.
Added to index2012-09-18
Total downloads11 ( #382,296 of 1,926,202 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #223,842 of 1,926,202 )
How can I increase my downloads?