A social psychological view of morality: why knowledge of situational influences on behaviour can improve character development practices
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):73-87 (2005)
Results from research in social psychology, such as findings about the fundamental attribution error and other situational influences on behaviour, are often used to justify attacking the existence of character traits. From this perspective, character development is an illusion, an impossibility, or both. We offer a different interpretation of how these issues interact with character development concerns. Rather than undermining the very idea of character traits, social psychology actually sheds light on the manner in which character development can occur. It reaffirms Spinozistic and Aristotelian points about character, namely that: (1) knowledge of the fundamental attribution error can help us minimize the influence environment and situation have on our behaviour, and (2) proper habituation only takes place in appropriately structured environments. Acknowledging these important results from social psychology helps us improve some of our character education practices rather than destroying their basis
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Carwyn Jones (2011). Drunken Role Models: Rescuing Our Sporting Exemplars. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (4):414 - 432.
George W. Watson, R. Edward Freeman & Bobby Parmar (2008). Connected Moral Agency in Organizational Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):323 - 341.
Similar books and articles
Gilbert Harman (1999). Moral Philosophy Meets Social Psychology: Virtue Ethics and the Fundamental Attribution Error. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (1999):315 - 331.
Candace L. Upton (2009). Situational Traits of Character: Dispositional Foundations and Implications for Moral Psychology and Friendship. Lexington Books.
Surendra Arjoon (2008). Reconciling Situational Social Psychology with Virtue Ethics. International Journal of Management Reviews 10 (3):221-243.
Chris Tucker (2004). Harman Vs. Virtue Theory. Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):137-145.
Gilbert Harman (2009). Skepticism About Character Traits. Journal of Ethics 13 (2/3):235 - 242.
James Montmarquet (2003). Moral Character and Social Science Research. Philosophy 78 (3):355-368.
Christian Miller (2010). Character Traits, Social Psychology, and Impediments to Helping Behavior. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 5:1-36.
Joel J. Kupperman (2001). The Indispensability of Character. Philosophy 76 (2):239-250.
Jonathan Webber (2007). Character, Common-Sense, and Expertise. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (1):89 - 104.
Jonathan Webber (2006). Virtue, Character and Situation. Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):193-213.
John M. Doris (2002). Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Christian Miller (2009). Empathy, Social Psychology, and Global Helping Traits. Philosophical Studies 142 (2):247-275.
Jonathan Webber (2007). Character, Global and Local. Utilitas 19 (4):430-434.
Jonathan Webber (2013). Character, Attitude and Disposition. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1).
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads30 ( #63,693 of 1,139,853 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #165,020 of 1,139,853 )
How can I increase my downloads?