David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (3):283-301 (1997)
This article evaluates the potential role of advance directives outside of their original North American context. In order to do this, the article first analyses the historical process which has promoted advance directives in recent years. Next, it brings to light certain presuppositions which have given them force: atomistic individualism, contractualism, consumerism and entrepreneurialism, pluralism, proceduralism, and American moralism. The article next studies certain European cultural peculiarities which could affect advance directives: the importance of virtue versus rights, stoicism versus consumerist utilitarianism, rationalism versus empiricism, statism versus citizens' initiative, and justice versus autonomy.The article concludes by recognising that autonomy has a transcultural value, although it must be balanced with other principles. Advance Directives can have a function in certain cases. But it does not seem adequate to delegate to advance directives more and more medical decisions, and to make them more binding everyday. It is indispensable to develop other decision-making criteria.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christopher Tollefsen (1998). Response to “Reassessing the Reliability of Advance Directives” by Thomas May (CQ Vol. 6, No. 5) Advance Directives and Voluntary Slavery. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (4):405-413.
Tolga Guven & Gurkan Sert (2010). Advance Directives in Turkey's Cultural Context: Examining the Potential Benefits for the Implementation of Patient Rights. Bioethics 24 (3):127-133.
Chris Hackler, Ray Moseley & Dorothy E. Vawter (eds.) (1989). Advance Directives in Medicine. Praeger.
Christopher Buford (2008). Advancing an Advance Directive Debate. Bioethics 22 (8):423-430.
Violeta Be Irević (2010). End-of-Life Care in the 21st Century: Advance Directives in Universal Rights Discourse. Bioethics 24 (3):105-112.
E. Furberg (2012). Advance Directives and Personal Identity: What Is the Problem? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):60-73.
J. Vollmann (2001). Advance Directives in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease; Ethical and Clinical Considerations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):161-167.
David J. Doukas, Toni Antonucci & Daniel W. Gorenflo (1992). A Multigenerational Study on the Correlation of Values and Advance Directives. Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):51 – 59.
Leslie Pickering Francis (1993). Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):297-322.
Jim Stone (1994). Advance Directives, Autonomy and Unintended Death. Bioethics 8 (3):223–246.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #78,279 of 1,679,365 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,761 of 1,679,365 )
How can I increase my downloads?