David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 185 (1):89-102 (2012)
Artefacts are often regarded as being mere things that possess only instrumental value. In contrast, living entities (or some subset of them) are often regarded as possessing some form of intrinsic (or non-instrumental) value. Moreover, in some cases they are thought to possess such value precisely because they are natural (i.e., non-artefactual). However, living artefacts are certainly possible, and they may soon be actual. It is therefore necessary to consider whether such entities should be regarded as mere things (like most non-living artefacts) or as possessing intrinsic value (like many, if not all) living entities. That is, it is necessary to determine whether artefactualness is a value-relevant property with respect to the intrinsic value of living things.
|Keywords||Value Naturalness Artificial life Artefacts Engineered organisms Moral relevance|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
William F. Baxter (2009). People or Penguins : The Case for Optimal Pollution. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
Harley Cahen (1988). Against the Moral Considerability of Ecosystems. Environmental Ethics 10 (3):195-216.
J. Baird Callicott & Michael P. Nelson (2000). Intrinsic Value in Nature: A Metaethical Analysis.”. Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 3 (5).
Robert Elliot (1992). Intrinsic Value, Environmental Obligation and Naturalness. The Monist 75 (2):138-160.
Francis Fukuyama (2002). [Book Review] Our Posthuman Future, Consequences of the Biotechnological Revolution. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations 32 (6):39-40.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Boris Hennig (2007). Der fortbestand Von lebewesen. Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 32 (1):81-91.
Keith R. Laws (2001). What is Structural Similarity and is It Greater in Living Things? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):486-487.
Lynne Rudder Baker (2009). The Metaphysics of Malfunction. Techne 13 (2):82-92.
Christopher V. Mirus (2012). Aristotle on Beauty and Goodness in Nature. International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):79-97.
John Dupré & Maureen A. O'Malley (2009). Varieties of Living Things: Life at the Intersection of Lineage and Metabolism. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 1 (20130604).
Anthony J. Povilitis (1980). On Assigning Rights to Animals and Nature. Environmental Ethics 2 (1):67-71.
Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1980). On Stopping at Everything. Environmental Ethics 2 (3):281-284.
David Schmidtz (2011). Respect for Everything. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):127 - 138.
Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1980). On Stopping at Everything: A Reply to W. M. Hunt. Environmental Ethics 2 (3):281-284.
Gary S. Rosenkrantz (2001). What Is Life? The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:125-134.
Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz (1998). On the Unity of Compound Things: Living and Non-Living. Ratio 11 (3):289–315.
Stevan Harnad (1993). Artificial Life: Synthetic Versus Virtual. Philosophical Explorations.
Aaron Simmons (2010). Two Arguments Against Biological Interests. Environmental Ethics 32 (3):229-245.
Added to index2012-02-01
Total downloads13 ( #125,758 of 1,100,036 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #66,994 of 1,100,036 )
How can I increase my downloads?