David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Semantics 11 (3):153-170 (1994)
In this paper we present a summary review of recent psychological studies which make a contribution to an understanding of how quantifiers are used. Until relatively recently, the contribution which psychology has made has been somewhat restricted. For example, the approach which has enjoyed the greatest popularity in psychology is explaining quantifiers as expressions which have fuzzy or vague projections on to mental scales of amount. Following Moxey & Sanford (1993a), this view is questioned. Experimental work is summarized showing that quantifiers may be differentiated in terms of the patterns of focus which they produce, which we take as a reflection of the patterns of inference which they induce. Other work suggests that when a speaker uses certain quantifiers it is possible for a listener to draw inferences about what the speaker’s prior expectations were, including what the speaker is taken to have believed the listener to expect. These findings are discussed in relation to how quantifiers are selected, and in terms of a possible psychological basis for certain logico-linguistic judgements about quantifiers. 10.1093/jos/11.3.153
|Keywords||cognitive generalized psychology quantifiers reasoning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jakub Szymanik & Marcin Zajenkowski (2009). Comprehension of Simple Quantifiers. Empirical Evaluation of a Computational Model. Cognitive Science: A Multidisciplinary Journal 34 (3):521-532.
Similar books and articles
Linda M. Moxey & Anthony J. Sanford (1993). Communicating Quantities: A Psychological Perspective (Essays in Cognitive Psychology). Psychology Press.
Bart Geurts (2003). Reasoning with Quantifiers. Cognition 86 (3):223--251.
Johan van Benthem & Dag Westerståhl (1995). Directions in Generalized Quantifier Theory. Studia Logica 55 (3):389-419.
Hanoch Ben-Yami (2009). Generalized Quantifiers, and Beyond. Logique Et Analyse (208):309-326.
Martin van den Berg (1996). Dynamic Generalized Quantifiers. In J. van der Does & Van J. Eijck (eds.), Quantifiers, Logic, and Language. Stanford University. 63--94.
M. Krynicki & M. Mostowski (1995). Henkin Quantifiers. In M. Krynicki, M. Mostowski & L. Szczerba (eds.), Quantifiers: Logics, Models and Computation. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 193--263.
M. Mostowski (1995). Quantifiers Definable by Second Order Means. In M. Krynicki, M. Mostowski & L. Szczerba (eds.), Quantifiers: Logics, Models and Computation. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 181--214.
M. Krynicki & M. Mostowski (1995). Quantifiers, Some Problems and Ideas. In M. Krynicki, M. Mostowski & L. Szczerba (eds.), Quantifiers: Logics, Models and Computation. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1--21.
Dag Westerståhl (1996). Self-Commuting Quantifiers. Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):212-224.
Lauri Hella, Jouko Väänänen & Dag Westerståhl (1997). Definability of Polyadic Lifts of Generalized Quantifiers. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (3):305-335.
Jouko Väänänen & Dag Westerståhl (2002). On the Expressive Power of Monotone Natural Language Quantifiers Over Finite Models. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):327-358.
Peter Fritz (2013). Modal Ontology and Generalized Quantifiers. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (4):643-678.
Jakub Szymanik (2010). Almost All Complex Quantifiers Are Simple. In C. Ebert, G. Jäger, M. Kracht & J. Michaelis (eds.), Mathematics of Language 10/11, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6149. Springer.
Dag Westerståhl (1989). Aristotelian Syllogisms and Generalized Quantifiers. Studia Logica 48 (4):577-585.
Jakub Szymanik & Marcin Zajenkowski (2009). Understanding Quantifiers in Language. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads13 ( #136,707 of 1,410,149 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #75,890 of 1,410,149 )
How can I increase my downloads?