Cognitive automata and the law: Electronic contracting and the intentionality of software agents [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):253-290 (2009)
I shall argue that software agents can be attributed cognitive states, since their behaviour can be best understood by adopting the intentional stance. These cognitive states are legally relevant when agents are delegated by their users to engage, without users’ review, in choices based on their the agents’ own knowledge. Consequently, both with regard to torts and to contracts, legal rules designed for humans can also be applied to software agents, even though the latter do not have rights and duties of their own. The implications of this approach in different areas of the law are then discussed, in particular with regard to contracts, torts, and personality.
|Keywords||Digital agents Representation Delegation Responsibility|
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References found in this work BETA
Michael Bratman (1987/1999). Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason. Center for the Study of Language and Information.
Immanuel Kant (1996). Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Jaap Hage (2011). A Model of Juridical Acts: Part 1: The World of Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (1):23-48.
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