David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 23 (5):274-290 (2009)
According to what we call the Principle of Procreative Beneficence (PB), couples who decide to have a child have a significant moral reason to select the child who, given his or her genetic endowment, can be expected to enjoy the most well-being. In the first part of this paper, we introduce PB, explain its content, grounds, and implications, and defend it against various objections. In the second part, we argue that PB is superior to competing principles of procreative selection such as that of procreative autonomy. In the third part of the paper, we consider the relation between PB and disability. We develop a revisionary account of disability, in which disability is a species of instrumental badness that is context- and person-relative. Although PB instructs us to aim to reduce disability in future children whenever possible, it does not privilege the normal. What matters is not whether future children meet certain biological or statistical norms, but what level of well-being they can be expected to have.
|Keywords||procreative beneficence reproduction genetic selection enhancement autonomy well‐being ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Russell Powell, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2012). Evolution, Genetic Engineering, and Human Enhancement. Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):439-458.
Janet Malek & Judith Daar (2012). The Case for a Parental Duty to Use Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Medical Benefit. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):3-11.
Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2010). The Value of Sex in Procreative Reasons. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):22-24.
R. Tonkens (2011). Parental Wisdom, Empirical Blindness, and Normative Evaluation of Prenatal Genetic Enhancement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):274-295.
G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2014). Autonomy and Enhancement. Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.
Similar books and articles
Sarah E. Stoller (2008). Why We Are Not Morally Required to Select the Best Children: A Response to Savulescu. Bioethics 22 (7):364-369.
Peter Herissone-Kelly (2011). Wrongs, Preferences, and the Selection of Children: A Critique of Rebecca Bennett's Argument Against the Principle of Procreative Beneficence. Bioethics 26 (8):447-454.
Simo Vehmas (2002). Is It Wrong to Deliberately Conceive or Give Birth to a Child with Mental Retardation? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (1):47 – 63.
Rebecca Bennett (2009). The Fallacy of the Principle of Procreative Beneficence. Bioethics 23 (5):265-273.
Stephen Wilkinson (2010). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction. Oup Oxford.
Mianna Lotz (2009). Procreative Reasons-Relevance: On the Moral Significance of Why We Have Children. Bioethics 23 (5):291-299.
Guy Kahane (2009). Non-Identity, Self-Defeat, and Attitudes to Future Children. Philosophical Studies 145 (2):193 - 214.
M. A. Roberts (2009). What is the Wrong of Wrongful Disability? From Chance to Choice to Harms to Persons. Law and Philosophy 28 (1):1 - 57.
Alicia R. Ouellette, Insult to Injury: A Disability-Sensitive Response to Professor Smolensky's Call for Parental Tort Liability for Preimplantation Genetic Interventions.
Jakob Elster (2011). Procreative Beneficence – Cui Bono? Bioethics 25 (9):482-488.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads226 ( #3,200 of 1,692,897 )
Recent downloads (6 months)35 ( #4,126 of 1,692,897 )
How can I increase my downloads?