David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Critical Thought 1 (3):287-304 (2011)
This paper discusses Marx’s concept of alienated (or estranged) labour, focusing mainly on his account in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844. This concept is frequently taken to be a moral notion based on a concept of universal human nature. This view is criticized and it is argued that the concept of alienation should rather be interpreted in the light of Hegelian historical ideas. In Hegel, alienation is not a purely negative phenomenon; it is a necessary stage of human development. Marx’s account of alienated labour should be understood in similar terms. It is not a merely subjective discontent with work; it is an objective and historically specific condition, a stage in the process of historical development. Marx usually regards it as specific to capitalism. The criticism of capitalism implied in the concept of alienation, it is argued, does not appeal to universal moral standards; it is historical and relative. Overcoming alienation must also be understood in historical terms, not as the realization of a universal ideal, but as the dialectical supersession of capitalist conditions of labour. Marx’s account of communism as the overcoming of alienation is explained in these terms.
|Keywords||Marx Hegel alienation labour morality social criticism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sean Sayers (2011). Marx and Alienation: Essays on Hegelian Themes. Palgrave Macmillan.
Sean Sayers (2003). Creative Activity and Alienation in Hegel and Marx. Historical Materialism 11 (1):107-128.
C. J. Arthur (1978). I. Labour: Marx's Concrete Universal. Inquiry 21 (1-4):87 – 103.
David Michael Kleinberg-Levin (2005). The Invisible Hands of Capital and Labour: Using Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology to Understand the Meaning of Alienation in Marx’s Theory of Manual Labour. Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (1):53-67.
Paul Diesing & Paul Piccone (1967). Kaufman on Alienation. Inquiry 10 (1-4):208-210.
Robert T. Sweet (1993). Alienation and Moral Imperatives: A Reply to Kanungo. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):579 - 582.
Gavin Rae (2012). Hegel, Alienation, and the Phenomenological Development of Consciousness. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (1):23-42.
Amy E. Wendling (2009). Karl Marx on Technology and Alienation. Palgrave Macmillan.
Arnold S. Kaufman (1965). On Alienation. Inquiry 8 (1-4):141 – 165.
Sean Sayers, The Concept of Alienation in Existentialism and Marxism Hegelian Themes in Modern Social Thought.
Nasir Khan (1995). Development of the Concept and Theory of Alienation in Marx's Writings, March 1843 to August 1844. Distributed in U.S. By International Specialized Book Service.
Sean Sayers (2007). The Concept of Labor: Marx and His Critics. Science and Society 71 (4):431 - 454.
Sean Sayers (2005). Why Work? Marx and Human Nature. Science and Society 69 (4):606 - 616.
Barry L. Padgett (1999). Alienation in the “Cashless Society”. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 6 (3/4):67-77.
Edwin Donoghue (1982). The Illusion of the Absolute: A Critical Study of the Marxian Concept of Alienation and its Hegelian Foundation. Sociologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
Added to index2011-12-01
Total downloads27 ( #114,246 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #118,705 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?