David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Douglas Moggach (ed.), The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School. Cambridge University Press (2006)
The realm of freedom actually begins only where labour which is determined by necessity and mundane considerations ceases; thus in the very nature of things it lies beyond the sphere of actual material production. Just as the savage must wrestle with Nature to satisfy his wants, to maintain and reproduce life, so must civilized man, and he must do so in all social formations and under all possible modes of production. With his development this realm of physical necessity expands as a result of his wants; but, at the same time, the forces of production which satisfy these wants also increase. Freedom in this field can only consist in socialized man, the associated producers, rationally regulating their interchange with Nature, bringing it under their common control, instead of being ruled by it as by the blind forces of Nature; and achieving this with the least expenditure of energy and under conditions most favourable to, and worthy of, their human nature. But it nonetheless still remains a realm of necessity. Beyond it begins that development of human energy which is an end in itself, the true realm of freedom, which, however, can blossom forth only with the realm of necessity as its basis. The shortening of the working day is its basic prerequisite. (Marx 1971, 820).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Ciavatta (2007). On Burying the Dead: Funerary Rites and the Dialectic of Freedom and Nature in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):279-296.
Robyn Eckersley (1989). Diving Evolution: The Ecological Ethics of Murray Bookchin. Environmental Ethics 11 (2):99-116.
Elif Çirakman (2007). Heidegger's Concept of Human Freedom. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 11:41-47.
George Santayana (1972). Realms of Being. New York,Cooper Square Publishers.
George Santayana (1942). Realms of Being. New York, C. Scribner's Sons.
Mary T. Clark (ed.) (1973). The Problem of Freedom. New York,Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Christopher Cowley (2004). Moral Necessity and the Personal. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):123-138.
Sean Sayers (2011). Marx and Alienation: Essays on Hegelian Themes. Palgrave Macmillan.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads31 ( #138,965 of 1,937,444 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #216,654 of 1,937,444 )
How can I increase my downloads?