David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):349-358 (2004)
Consider the general proposition that normally when people pain-behave they are in pain. Where a traditional philosopher like Mill tries to give an empirical proof of this proposition (the argument from analogy), Malcolm tries to give a transcendental proof. Malcolm’s argument is transcendental in that he tries to show that the very conditions under which we can have a concept provide for the application of the concept and the knowledge that the concept is truly as well as properly applied. The natural basis for applying the concept of pain to someone else is pain-behavior like groaning and crying out. To know that a person pain-behaving is in pain is to rule out countervailing circumstances (smiles, exaggerated cries, winks, absence of plausible cause, and so on). The basic move by Malcolm is to make these special conditions a function merely of the concept of pain.
|Keywords||Malcolm criteria pain pain-behaviour|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bernard Gert (1967). Can a Brain Have a Pain? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (March):432-436.
Rohini Terry, Eric E. Brodie & Catherine A. Niven (2007). Exploring the Phenomenology of Memory for Pain: Is Previously Experienced Acute Pain Consciously Remembered or Simply Known? Journal of Pain 8 (6):467-475.
Nico H. Frijda (2002). What is Pain Facial Expression For? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):460-460.
Mark D. Sullivan (2002). The Meaning of Facial Expressions of Pain Lies in Their Use, Not in Their Reference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):472-473.
Donald F. Gustafson (2000). On the Supposed Utility of a Folk Theory of Pain. Brain and Mind 1 (2):223-228.
Kevin Reuter (2011). Distinguishing the Appearance From the Reality of Pain. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10):94-109.
D. Resnik (2000). Pain as a Folk Psychological Concept: A Clinical Perspective. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 1 (2):193-207.
Eddy M. Zemach (1971). Pains and Pain-Feelings. Ratio 13 (December):150-157.
Thomas A. Long (1965). The Problem of Pain and Contextual Implication. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (September):106-111.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads37 ( #51,685 of 1,147,153 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,193 of 1,147,153 )
How can I increase my downloads?