David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Emotion Review 3 (4):444-454 (2011)
We argue that there are three coherent, nontrivial notions of basic-ness: conceptual basic-ness, biological basic-ness, and psychological basic-ness. There is considerable evidence for conceptually basic emotion categories (e.g., “anger,” “fear”). These categories do not designate biologically basic emotions, but some forms of anger, fear, and so on that are biologically basic in a sense we will specify. Finally, two notions of psychological basic-ness are distinguished, and the evidence for them is evaluated. The framework we offer acknowledges the force of some of the objections to basic emotion theory whilst demonstrating that the notion of a basic emotion, once properly reformulated, is still of scientific value.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Stephan Hamann (2012). Mapping Discrete and Dimensional Emotions Onto the Brain: Controversies and Consensus. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (9):458-466.
Similar books and articles
Robert W. Levenson (2011). Basic Emotion Questions. Emotion Review 3 (4):379-386.
Paul E. Griffiths (2003). Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions. In A. Hatimoysis (ed.), Philosophy and the Emotions. Cambridge University Press. 39-67.
Jesse J. Prinz (2004). Which Emotions Are Basic? In D. Evans & Pierre Cruse (eds.), Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press. 69--87.
Keith Oatley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2011). Basic Emotions in Social Relationships, Reasoning, and Psychological Illnesses. Emotion Review 3 (4):424-433.
Paul Griffiths (2001). Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions. Proceedings of the Royal Institute of Philosophy 52:39-67.
Jason A. Clark (2010). Relations of Homology Between Higher Cognitive Emotions and Basic Emotions. Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):75-94.
O. Flanagan (2000). Destructive Emotions. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):259-281.
Alexandra Zinck & Albert Newen (2008). Classifying Emotion: A Developmental Account. Synthese 161 (1):1 - 25.
David Sander (2008). Basic Tastes and Basic Emotions: Basic Problems and Perspectives for a Nonbasic Solution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):88-88.
Rainer Reisenzein (1998). Outlines of a Theory of Emotions as Metarepresentational States of Mind. In A. H. Fischer (ed.), ISRE ' 98, Proceedings of the 10th Conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions (pp. 186-191). ISRE.
Aaron Ben-ze'ev Andkeith Oatley (1996). The Intentional and Social Nature of Human Emotions: Reconsideration of the Distinction Between Basic and Non-Basic Emotions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (1):81–94.
Rainer Reisenzein (2000). Wundt's Three-Dimensional Theory of Emotion. In W. Balzer, J. D. Sneed & C. U. Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, 75, 219-250). Rodopi. 75--219.
Paul Ekamn & Daniel Cordaro (2011). What is Meant by Calling Emotions Basic. Emotion Review 3 (4): Emotion Review October 2364-370.
Adam la Caze (2011). The Role of Basic Science in Evidence-Based Medicine. Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):81-98.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2011-12-23
Total downloads7 ( #178,159 of 1,096,567 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #29,393 of 1,096,567 )
How can I increase my downloads?