Reproductive cloning in humans and therapeutic cloning in primates: is the ethical debate catching up with the recent scientific advances?
Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e15-e15 (2008)
|Abstract||After years of failure, in November 2007 primate embryonic stem cells were derived by somatic cellular nuclear transfer, also known as therapeutic cloning. The first embryo transfer for human reproductive cloning purposes was also attempted in 2006, albeit with negative results. These two events force us to think carefully about the possibility of human cloning which is now much closer to becoming a reality. In this paper we tackle this issue from two sides, first summarising what scientists have achieved so far, then discussing some of the ethical arguments in favour and against human cloning which are debated in the context of policy making and public consultation. Therapeutic cloning as a means to improve and save lives has uncontroversial moral value. As to human reproductive cloning, we consider and assess some common objections and failing to see them as conclusive. We do recognise, though, that there will be problems at the level of policy and regulation that might either impair the implementation of human reproductive cloning or make its accessibility restricted in a way that could become difficult to justify on moral grounds. We suggest using the time still available before human reproductive cloning is attempted successfully to create policies and institutions that can offer clear directives on its legitimate applications on the basis of solid arguments, coherent moral principles, and extensive public consultation.|
|Keywords||cloning research ethics reproductive ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
C. F. Gethmann & F. Thiele (2001). Moral Arguments Against the Cloning of Humans. Poiesis and Praxis 1 (1):35-46.
Timothy Caulfield (2003). Human Cloning Laws, Human Dignity and the Poverty of the Policy Making Dialogue. BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-7.
Joyce C. Havstad (2010). Human Reproductive Cloning: A Conflict of Liberties. Bioethics 24 (2):71-77.
Yitzchok Breitowitz (2002). What's So Bad About Human Cloning? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (4):325-341.
Robert Sparrow (2009). Therapeutic Cloning and Reproductive Liberty. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (2):1-17.
Alistair Brown (2010). Therapeutic Cloning: The Ethical Road to Regulation - Part II: Analysing the UK Position. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (1):60-73.
Robert Lane (2006). Safety, Identity and Consent: A Limited Defense of Reproductive Human Cloning. Bioethics 20 (3):125–135.
Bernard E. Rollin (1999). Keeping Up with the Cloneses -- Issues in Human Cloning. Journal of Ethics 3 (1):51-71.
Richard Hanley (1999). A Wolf in Sheep's Cloning? Monash Bioethics Review 18:59-62.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads33 ( #42,005 of 739,325 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,538 of 739,325 )
How can I increase my downloads?