David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 40 (1):121 - 132 (1994)
An axiomatic basis for a social preference ordering with interval-scaled utility levels satisfying the principles of anonymity and pareto superiority is elaborated. The ordering is required to be sensitive to distributional equality: Redistribution of utility income from poor to rich persons without changing their social rank should lead to a superior evaluation. The axiom of separability is weakened in order to make it compatible with distributional equality. We prove that every continuous ordering satisfying the upper axioms can be represented by a utility function which is positively linear on the convex cone of rank-ordered utility vectors. A modified unnormalized Gini coefficient is one possible choice, but it contradicts, as well as related proposals, the principle of adequacy of means for some distribution problems.
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References found in this work BETA
Amartya Sen (1997). On Economic Inequality. Clarendon Press.
Joseph Mendola (1990). An Ordinal Modification of Classical Utilitarianism. Erkenntnis 33 (1):73 - 88.
Rainer W. Trapp (1990). 'Utilitarianism Incorporating Justice'. Erkenntnis 32 (3):341 - 381.
A. Schäfer & R. W. Trapp (1989). Distributional Equality in Non-Classical Utilitarianism — A Proof of Lerner's Theorem for ‘Utilitarianism Incorporating Justice’. Theory and Decision 26 (2):157-173.
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