Ambient Assistive Technologies (AAT): socio-technology as a powerful tool for facing the inevitable sociodemographic challenges?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-6 (2010)
Due to the socio-demographic change in most developed western countries, elderly populations have been continuously increasing. Therefore, preventive and assistive systems that allow elderly people to independently live in their own homes as long as possible will become an economical if not ethical necessity. These respective technologies are being developed under the term "Ambient Assistive Technologies" (AAT). The EU-funded AAT-project Ambient Lighting Assistance for an Ageing Population (ALADIN) has established the long-term goal to create an adaptive system capable of improving the residential lighting conditions of single living elderly persons also aiming at supporting the preservation of their independence. Results of an earlier survey revealed that the elderly perceived their current lighting situation as satisfactory, whereas interviewers assessed in-house lighting as too dark and risk-laden. The overall results of ALADIN showed a significant increase in well-being from the baseline final testing with the new adaptive lighting system. Positive results for wellbeing and life quality suggest that the outcome effects may be attributed to the introduction of technology as well as to social contacts arising from participating in the study. The technological guidance of the study supervisors, in particular, may have produced a strong social reactivity effect that was first observed in the famous Hawthorne experiments in the 1930s. As older adults seem to benefit both from meaningful social contacts as well as assistive technologies, the question arises how assistive technology can be socially embedded to be able to maximize positive health effects. Therefore ethical guidelines for development and use of new assistive technologies for handicapped/older persons have to be developed and should be discussed with regard to their applicability in the context of AAT
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark Coeckelbergh (2010). Health Care, Capabilities, and Ai Assistive Technologies. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):181 - 190.
B. E. Gibson, R. E. G. Upshur, N. L. Young & P. McKeever (2007). Disability, Technology, and Place: Social and Ethical Implications of Long-Term Dependency on Medical Devices. Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (1):7 – 28.
Eleni Kosta, Olli Pitkänen, Marketta Niemelä & Eija Kaasinen (2010). Mobile-Centric Ambient Intelligence in Health- and Homecare—Anticipating Ethical and Legal Challenges. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):303-323.
Peter-Paul Verbeek (2009). Ambient Intelligence and Persuasive Technology: The Blurring Boundaries Between Human and Technology. [REVIEW] Nanoethics 3 (3):231-242.
Shinichi Doi & Keiji Yamada (2011). Symbiotic Technology for Creating Social Innovation 30 Years in the Future. AI and Society 26 (3):197-204.
Athena McLean (2011). Ethical Frontiers of ICT and Older Users: Cultural, Pragmatic and Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (4):313-326.
Bjørn Hofmann (2013). Ethical Challenges with Welfare Technology: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):389-406.
Bibi van Den Berg (2010). I-Object. Techné 14 (3):207-225.
Mary J. Granger & Joyce Currie Little (2001). Creating an Organizational Awareness of Ethical Responsibility About Information Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):239-246.
Kimball P. Marshall (1999). Has Technology Introduced New Ethical Problems? Journal of Business Ethics 19 (1):81 - 90.
Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (eds.) (2007). Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality. Routledge.
J. Perry, S. Beyer & S. Holm (2009). Assistive Technology, Telecare and People with Intellectual Disabilities: Ethical Considerations. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):81-86.
Emilio Mordini, David Wright, Kush Wadhwa, Paul De Hert, Eugenio Mantovani, Jesper Thestrup, Guido Van Steendam, Antonio D.’Amico & Ira Vater (2009). Senior Citizens and the Ethics of E-Inclusion. Ethics and Information Technology 11 (3):203-220.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2012-04-17
Total downloads6 ( #201,256 of 1,098,398 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #42,765 of 1,098,398 )
How can I increase my downloads?