Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||Due to the rapid development and ubiquitous impact of modern technology, many people feel that nature is in danger of becoming extinct. From the 13th century until today, philosophers and theologians have been seeking advice from Aristotle to define both nature and technology in a way that the former restricts the latter. In this paper, I reconsider three corresponding theses usually attributed to Aristotle. 1) Technology imitates nature, such that there is no place for authentic human creativity. 2) Technology in supplementing and completing nature fulfils but the inherent aims of nature. 3) There is an ontological hiatus between natural things and artifacts such that technology cannot reproduce or change natural things. I argue that 3) is inconsistent with 1) and 2) and that Aristotle’s writings support none of the three theses in general. Instead, his proper concept of technology places little restrictions on technological innovation. While the putative ontological hiatus has been most influential in the history of chemistry/alchemy, Aristotle himself rather holds a relative distinction that he levels out just in the realm of chemistry. Moreover, the case of genetic engineering shows that current problems are beyond the scope of Aristotelian theory. Rather than presenting solutions, I argue that claiming Aristotle’s authority to support criticism of modern technology does justice neither to Aristotle nor to the complexity of today’s problems.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
W. P. S. Dias (2003). Heidegger's Relevance for Engineering: Questioning Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (3):389-396.
Devin Henry (2005). Embryological Models in Ancient Philosophy. Phronesis 50 (1):1-42.
Søren Riis (2011). Towards the Origin of Modern Technology: Reconfiguring Martin Heidegger's Thinking. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 44 (1):103-117.
Fred Dycus Miller (1995). Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics. Oxford University Press.
Ingemar Nordin (1991). State, Technology, and Planning. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):458-475.
Gregor Schiemann (2007). Contexts of Nature According to Aristotle and Descartes. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:65-71.
Hwa Yol Jung (1983). Marxism, Ecology, and Technology. Environmental Ethics 5 (2):169-171.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #55,763 of 738,548 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,778 of 738,548 )
How can I increase my downloads?