David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Perspectives on Science 10 (4):433-456 (2002)
: This paper is concerned with the claim that epistemic terms and categories are historical entities. The starting point is the observation that recent attempts at historical studies of epistemic terms fail to bridge the gap between history and philosophy proper. I examine whether, and how, it is possible to forge a closer link between historical and philosophical aspects of conceptual analysis. The paper explores possible links by analyzing aspects of the concept of error. A "pragmatic" and a "mentalist" notion of error are identified in current philosophical studies of error: according to the latter, errors can be ascribed only to mental operations, according to the former, errors can also be ascribed to things and processes. The paper then draws on historical accounts of optical instruments to highlight certain presuppositions and implications of these two uses of the term. Contextual features and trans-contextual structures of the notion of error are distinguished. In conclusion, I argue that an intimate link between history and philosophy of science can be forged by an analysis ofthe development of conceptual arrangements which allows for trans- contextual structural aspects while drawing attention to the contextual epistemological and scientific conditions of their re-arrangement.
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References found in this work BETA
Douglas Allchin (2001). Error Types. Perspectives on Science 9 (1):38-58.
Theodore Arabatzis (2001). Can a Historian of Science Be a Scientific Realist? Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S531-.
Giora Hon (1995). Going Wrong. Review of Metaphysics 49 (1):3 - 20.
Dudley Shapere (1977). What Can the Theory of Knowledge Learn From the History of Knowledge? The Monist 60 (4):488-508.
Jutta Schickore (2001). Ever-Present Impediments: Exploring Instruments and Methods of Microscopy. Perspectives on Science 9 (2):126-146.
Citations of this work BETA
Theodore Arabatzis & Jutta Schickore (2012). Ways of Integrating History and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 20 (4):395-408.
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