David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4. 214 (2013)
We are reliable about logic in the sense that we by-and-large believe logical truths and disbelieve logical falsehoods. Given that logic is an objective subject matter, it is difficult to provide a satisfying explanation of our reliability. This generates a significant epistemological challenge, analogous to the well-known Benacerraf-Field problem for mathematical Platonism. One initially plausible way to answer the challenge is to appeal to evolution by natural selection (or to a related mechanism). The central idea is that being able to correctly deductively reason conferred a heritable survival advantage upon our ancestors. However, there are several arguments that purport to show that evolutionary accounts cannot even in principle explain how it is that we are reliable about logic. In this paper, I address these arguments. I show that there is no general reason to think that evolutionary accounts are incapable of explaining our reliability about logic.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joshua Schechter (2010). The Reliability Challenge and the Epistemology of Logic. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):437-464.
William J. Melanson (2011). Reassessing the Epistemological Challenge to Mathematical Platonism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):295-304.
Justin Clarke-Doane (2012). Morality and Mathematics: The Evolutionary Challenge. Ethics 122 (2):313-340.
Joel Pust (2004). On Explaining Knowledge of Necessity. Dialectica 58 (1):71–87.
Robert Audi (2009). Reliability as a Virtue. Philosophical Studies 142 (1):43 - 54.
Peter Murphy (2006). Reliability Connections Between Conceivability and Inconceivability. Dialectica 60 (2):195-205.
William S. Cooper (2001). The Evolution of Reason: Logic as a Branch of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
Michael Liston (1993). Reliability in Mathematical Physics. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):1-21.
Penelope Rush (2012). Logic or Reason? Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (2):127-163.
Daniel Steel & S. Kedzie Hall (2011). What If the Principle of Induction Is Normative? Formal Learning Theory and Hume's Problem. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):171-185.
Bernardo Cantens (2006). Cognitive Faculties and Evolutionary Naturalism. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:201-208.
Marshall Swain (1985). Justification, Reasons, and Reliability. Synthese 64 (1):69 - 92.
Marcel Boumans (2004). The Reliability of an Instrument. Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):215 – 246.
Jan Woleński (2012). Naturalizm i geneza logiki. Filozofia Nauki 4.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads94 ( #15,377 of 1,413,360 )
Recent downloads (6 months)17 ( #12,594 of 1,413,360 )
How can I increase my downloads?