David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
From the point of view of the history and philosophy of science, the relationship of Descartes' to Aristotle's concept of nature has not been grasped in an entirely satisfactory way. In this article, the two concepts will be subjected to a comparative analysis, beginning with the outstanding feature that both concepts of nature are characterized by a contradistinction to the non-natural: Aristotle separates nature and technology; Descartes opposes nature to thinking. My thesis is that these meanings have found privileged application in specific contexts of experience: the field of application especially suitable for the Aristotelian concept is the experience of everyday life, while for the Cartesian concept it is subjective experience. Historically, the relationship between meaning and experience is of help in understanding the conditions in which the two concepts arose. The topical relevance of the concepts to modern society is a consequence of the continued existence of the favored contexts of experience. Roughly stated, we sometimes still perceive in an Aristotelian way and at other times think in a Cartesian way
|Keywords||context nature Aristotle Descartes subjectivity dualism everyday life techne physis thinking|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dale Jacquette (1996). Descartes' Lumen Naturale and the Cartesian Circle. Philosophy and Theology 9 (3-4):273-320.
Lilli Alanen (2008). Cartesian Scientia and the Human Soul. Vivarium 46 (3):418-442.
Joachim Schummer (2001). Aristotle on Technology and Nature. Philosophia Naturalis 38 (1).
Michael McGhee (1996). The Locations of the Soul. Religious Studies 32 (2):205 - 221.
Alessandro Medri (2011). The Ontological Proof and the Notion of Experience in Schelling. Idealistic Studies 41 (1-2):69 - 82.
Andrea Christofidou (2009). Self and Self-Consciousness: Aristotelian Ontology and Cartesian Duality. Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):134-162.
Antonia Lolordo (2005). Descartes and Malebranche on Thought, Sensation and the Nature of the Mind. Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (4):387-402.
Victor Caston (2002). Aristotle on Consciousness. Mind 111 (444):751-815.
Marjolein Oele (2012). Heidegger's Reading of Aristotle's Concept of Pathos. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (2):389-406.
Todd S. Mei (2009). The Preeminence of Use: Reevaluating the Relation Between Use and Exchange in Aristotle's Economic Thought. Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 523-548.
Ignacio L. Götz (2003). The Quest for Certainty. Journal of Philosophical Research 28:1-22.
Monte Ransome Johnson (2012). The Medical Background of Aristotle's Theory of Nature and Spontaneity. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 27:105-152.
Lilli Alanen (2008). Descartes' Mind-Body Composites, Psychology and Naturalism. Inquiry 51 (5):464 – 484.
Edward S. Reed (1990). The Trapped Infinity: Cartesian Volition as Conceptual Nightmare. Philosophical Psychology 3 (1):101-121.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads32 ( #53,295 of 1,098,872 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #79,596 of 1,098,872 )
How can I increase my downloads?