David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (3):199-213 (2009)
With the growing focus on prevention in medicine, studies of how to describe risk have become increasing important. Recently, some researchers have argued against giving patients “comparative risk information,” such as data about whether their baseline risk of developing a particular disease is above or below average. The concern is that giving patients this information will interfere with their consideration of more relevant data, such as the specific chance of getting the disease (the “personal risk”), the risk reduction the treatment provides, and any possible side effects. I explore this view and the theories of rationality that ground it, and I argue instead that comparative risk information can play a positive role in decision-making. The criticism of disclosing this sort of information to patients, I conclude, rests on a mistakenly narrow account of the goals of prevention and the nature of rational choice in medicine.
|Keywords||Decision making Comparative risk Prevention Rationality Expected utility theory Biomedical ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Christopher Boorse (1977). Health as a Theoretical Concept. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
K. Danner Clouser, Charles M. Culver & Bernard Gert (1981). Malady: A New Treatment of Disease. Hastings Center Report 11 (3):29-37.
Gerd Gigerenzer (2005). I Think, Therefore I Err. Social Research: An International Quarterly 72 (1):1-24.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Anya Plutynski (2012). Ethical Issues in Cancer Screening and Prevention. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (3):310-323.
Similar books and articles
Barbara Osimani (2010). Pharmaceutical Risk Communication: Sources of Uncertainty and Legal Tools of Uncertainty Management. Health Risk and Society 12 (5):453-69.
David L. Mclain & John P. Keenan (1999). Risk, Information, and the Decision About Response to Wrongdoing in an Organization. Journal of Business Ethics 19 (3):255 - 271.
Robert Samuel Wachbroit (1998). The Question Not Asked: The Challenge of Pleiotropic Genetic Tests. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (2):131-144.
Lee Black & Kelly A. McClellan (2011). Familial Communication of Research Results: A Need to Know? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (4):605-613.
Richard Watt, Francisco J. Vázquez & Ignacio Moreno (2001). An Experiment on Rational Insurance Decisions. Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):247-296.
John F. Lobuts & Carol L. Pennewill (1986). Risk-Free Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (1):29 - 37.
Barbara Osimani (2012). Risk Information Processing and Rational Ignoring in the Health Context. Journal of Socio-Economics 41:169-179.
N. Athanassoulis & A. Ross (2010). A Virtue Ethical Account of Making Decisions About Risk. Journal of Risk Research 13 (2):217.
Ger Palmboom & Dick Willems (2010). Risk Detection in Individual Health Care: Any Limits? Bioethics 24 (8):431-438.
Added to index2009-06-27
Total downloads19 ( #135,870 of 1,699,833 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #88,892 of 1,699,833 )
How can I increase my downloads?