David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 7 (4):634-646 (1998)
Even though various investigations found a preponderance of negative emotions in dreams, the conclusion that human dream life is, in general, negatively toned is limited by several methodological issues. The present study made use of three different approaches to measure dream emotions: dream intensity rated by the dreamer, intensity rated by a judge, and scoring of explicitly mentioned emotions (Hall & Van de Castle, 1966). Results indicate that only in the case of external raters' estimates do negative emotions outweigh the positive ones; but in the case of self-ratings (i.e., those made by the dreamer himself/herself), the ratio was balanced. Analyses showed that this is mainly due to the underestimation of positive emotions in the external ratings. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between the intensity of dream emotions and dream recall frequency, whereas gender differences were nonsignificant as regards the emotional tone of diary dreams.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Schredl (2011). Dream Research in Schizophrenia: Methodological Issues and a Dimensional Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1036-1041.
Kelly Bulkeley (2009). Seeking Patterns in Dream Content: A Systematic Approach to Word Searches. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):905-916.
Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage (2011). A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
Marco Zanasi, Fabrizio Calisti, Giorgio di Lorenzo, Giulia Valerio & Alberto Siracusano (2011). Oneiric Activity in Schizophrenia: Textual Analysis of Dream Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):337-348.
Katja Valli, Thea Strandholm, Lauri Sillanmäki & Antti Revonsuo (2008). Dreams Are More Negative Than Real Life: Implications for the Function of Dreaming. Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):833-861.
Similar books and articles
Christine Tappolet (2005). Ambivalent Emotions and the Perceptual Account of Emotions. Analysis 65 (287):229-233.
Aaron Ben-Ze'ev (2007). Emotions on the Net. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:31-36.
Linda Mealey (2000). The Illusory Function of Dreams: Another Example of Cognitive Bias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):971-972.
Elisa A. Hurley (2007). Working Passions: Emotions and Creative Engagement with Value. Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):79-104.
Yotam Lurie (2004). Humanizing Business Through Emotions: On the Role of Emotions in Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):1-11.
Richard A. Hilbert (2010). The Anomalous Foundations of Dream Telling: Objective Solipsism and the Problem of Meaning. [REVIEW] Human Studies 33 (1):41-64.
Jaak Panksepp (2000). “The Dream of Reason Creates Monsters” . . . Especially When We Neglect the Role of Emotions in Rem-States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):988-990.
Mark Blagrove (2000). Dreams Have Meaning but No Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):910-911.
Christoph Jäger & Anne Bartsch (2006). Meta-Emotions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):179-204.
M. Schredl, A. T. Funkhouser, C. M. Cornu, Hirsbrunner H.-P. & M. Bahro (2001). Reliability in Dream Research: A Methodological Note. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):496-502.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #178,845 of 1,089,057 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,801 of 1,089,057 )
How can I increase my downloads?