David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 87 (2):311 - 329 (1991)
In this paper, a Wittgensteinian account of the human sciences is constructed around the notions of the surface of human life and of surface phenomena as expressions. I begin by explaining Wittgenstein's idea that the goal of interpretive social science is to make actions and practices seem natural. I then explicate his notions of the surface of life and of surface phenomena as expressions by reviewing his analysis of mental state language. Finally, I critically examine three ideas: (a) that the goal of interpretive inquiry is realized through a descriptive, context-constructing method that enables investigators to grasp the instincts, mental states, and experiences (Geist) expressed in surface phenomena; (b) that uncovering rules plays a minor role in this enterprise; and (c) that surface phenomena not only can be made natural but also have causes and are subject to causal explanation.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1969). On Certainty (Ed. Anscombe and von Wright). Harper Torchbooks.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1967). Zettel. Oxford, Blackwell.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1980). Culture and Value. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Theodore R. Schatzki (1993). Wittgenstein + Heidegger on the Stream of Life. Inquiry 36 (3):307 – 328.
Raymond Caldwell (2012). Reclaiming Agency, Recovering Change? An Exploration of the Practice Theory of Theodore Schatzki. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):283-303.
Similar books and articles
Wayne Wright (2009). Discussion: The Physical Unnaturalness of Churchland's Ellipses. Philosophy of Science 76 (3):391-403.
Rupert J. Read (2011). Wittgenstein Among the Sciences: Wittgensteinian Investigations Into the "Scientific Method". Ashgate.
Theodore R. Schatzki (1997). Practices and Actions a Wittgensteinian Critique of Bourdieu and Giddens. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (3):283-308.
Laurence T. Maloney (2003). Surface Color Perception in Constrained Environments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):38-39.
Theodore R. Schatzki (1996). Social Practices: A Wittgensteinian Approach to Human Activity and the Social. Cambridge University Press.
Philip Turetzky (2005). Pictorial Depth: Intensity and Aesthetic Surface. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 15 (1):1-28.
Theodore R. Schatzki (2000). Simulation Theory and the Verstehen School: A Wittgensteinian Approach. In K. R. Stueber & H. H. Kogaler (eds.), Empathy and Agency: The Problem of Understanding in the Human Sciences. Boulder: Westview Press
Imtiaz H. Khan, Kees van Deemter & Graeme Ritchie (2011). Managing Ambiguity in Reference Generation: The Role of Surface Structure. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):211-231.
Uljana Feest (2011). What Exactly is Stabilized When Phenomena Are Stabilized? Synthese 182 (1):57-71.
Hidehiko Komatsu (1998). Surface Representation by Population Coding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):761-762.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads38 ( #115,885 of 1,937,444 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #83,046 of 1,937,444 )
How can I increase my downloads?