David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 87 (2):311 - 329 (1991)
In this paper, a Wittgensteinian account of the human sciences is constructed around the notions of the surface of human life and of surface phenomena as expressions. I begin by explaining Wittgenstein's idea that the goal of interpretive social science is to make actions and practices seem natural. I then explicate his notions of the surface of life and of surface phenomena as expressions by reviewing his analysis of mental state language. Finally, I critically examine three ideas: (a) that the goal of interpretive inquiry is realized through a descriptive, context-constructing method that enables investigators to grasp the instincts, mental states, and experiences (Geist) expressed in surface phenomena; (b) that uncovering rules plays a minor role in this enterprise; and (c) that surface phenomena not only can be made natural but also have causes and are subject to causal explanation.
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References found in this work BETA
Karl-Otto Apel (1967). Analytic Philosophy of Language and the Geisteswissenschaften. Dordrecht, D. Reidel.
David Bloor (1983). Wittgenstein: A Social Theory of Knowledge. Columbia University Press.
Jaakko Hintikka (1989). Rules, Games and Experiences: Wittgenstein's Discussion of Rule-Following in the Light of His Development in Wittgenstein (1889-1989). [REVIEW] Revue Internationale de Philosophie 43 (169):279-297.
Sollace Mitchell & Michael Rosen (eds.) (1983). The Need for Interpretation: Contemporary Conceptions of the Philosopher's Task. Humanities Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Raymond Caldwell (2012). Reclaiming Agency, Recovering Change? An Exploration of the Practice Theory of Theodore Schatzki. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):283-303.
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