Fair Educational Opportunity and the Distribution of Natural Ability: Toward a Prioritarian Principle of Educational Justice
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):472-491 (2012)
In this article, I develop and defend a prioritarian principle of justice for the distribution of educational resources. I argue that this principle should be conceptualized as directing educators to confer a general benefit, where that benefit need not be mediated by improved academic outcomes. I go on to argue that it should employ a metric of all-things-considered flourishing over the course of the student's lifetime. Finally, I discuss the relationship between my proposed prioritarian principle and the meritocratic principle that it is presumed to supplement.
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (2001). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Harvard University Press.
Martha Nussbaum (2001). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.
John Rawls (1971/2005). A Theory of Justice. Harvard University Press.
Elizabeth S. Anderson (1999). What is the Point of Equality? Ethics 109 (2):287-337.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Citations of this work BETA
Christine Winter (2014). Curriculum Knowledge, Justice, Relations: The Schools White Paper (2010) in England. Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (2):276-292.
Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar (forthcoming). Equality in Education – Why We Must Go All the Way. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-18.
John Calvert (2014). Educational Equality: Luck Egalitarian, Pluralist and Complex. Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (1):69-85.
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