Fairness, feelings, and ethical decision- making: Consequences of violating community standards of fairness [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287 - 301 (2008)
In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness (Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler, 1986a) on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness (e.g., by taking advantage of an in crease in market power) lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness (e.g., by passing along a price increase). We find that perceptions of justifiability mediate this relationship. We also find that individuals derive significant psychological benefits (greater satisfaction, greater happiness, and reduced anger) from engaging in unethical behavior following perceived violations of fairness.
|Keywords||unethical behavior fairness deception emotions community standards justification|
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References found in this work BETA
Terry W. Loe, Linda Ferrell & Phylis Mansfield (2000). A Review of Empirical Studies Assessing Ethical Decision Making in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (3):185 - 204.
Robert C. Ford & Woodrow D. Richardson (1994). Ethical Decision Making: A Review of the Empirical Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):205 - 221.
Roy J. Lewicki & Robert J. Robinson (1998). Ethical and Unethical Bargaining Tactics: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (6):211-228.
Marshall Schminke (2001). Considering the Business in Business Ethics: An Exploratory Study of the Influence of Organizational Size and Structure on Individual Ethical Predispositions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):375 - 390.
Citations of this work BETA
Jana L. Craft (2013). A Review of the Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 2004–2011. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):221-259.
Mara Olekalns, Carol T. Kulik & Lin Chew (2014). Sweet Little Lies: Social Context and the Use of Deception in Negotiation. Journal of Business Ethics 120 (1):13-26.
Adam Barsky (2011). Investigating the Effects of Moral Disengagement and Participation on Unethical Work Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):59-75.
Chase E. Thiel, Shane Connelly & Jennifer A. Griffith (2011). The Influence of Anger on Ethical Decision Making: Comparison of a Primary and Secondary Appraisal. Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):380 - 403.
Jean-Marie Courrent & Katherine Gundolf (2009). Proximity and Micro-Enterprise Manager's Ethics: A French Empirical Study of Responsible Business Attitudes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):749 - 762.
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