David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
This paper investigates the impact of unemployment on the propensity to start a family. Unemployment is accompanied by bad occupational prospects and impending economic deprivation, placing the well-being of a future family at risk. I analyze unemployment at the intersection of state-dependence and the reduced opportunity costs of parenthood, distinguishing between men and women across a set of welfare states. Using micro-data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP), I apply event history methods to analyze longitudinal samples of first-birth transitions in France, Finland, Germany, and the UK (1994-2001). The results highlight spurious negative effects of unemployment on family formation among men, which can be attributed to the lack of breadwinner capabilities in the inability to financially support a family. Women, in contrast, show positive effects of unemployment on the propensity to have a first child in all countries except France. These effects prevail even after controlling for labour market and income-related factors. The findings are pronounced in Germany and the UK where work-family conflicts are the cause of high opportunity costs of motherhood, and the gender-specific division of labour is still highly traditional. Particularly among women with a moderate and low level of education, unemployment clearly increases the likelihood to have a first child.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Clemens Fuest, Joachim Mitschke, Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, A Low Wage Subsidy Scheme Against Unemployment of Low-Skilled Workers.
J. Bradford de Long (1998). It Doesn't Work. Critical Review 12 (1-2):59-69.
Thomas Kieselbach & Sabine Mader (2002). Occupational Transitions and Corporate Responsibility in Layoffs: A European Research Project (SOCOSE). [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):13 - 20.
J. Bradford de Long (1998). Unemployment in America: Rejoinder to Vedder and Gallaway. Critical Review 12 (3):265-267.
Pierre Lefebvre, Phil Merrigan & Matthieu Verstraete, The Effects of School Quality and Family Functioning on Youth Math Scores: A Canadian Longitudinal Analysis.
Manuel Carlos Vallejo (2009). The Effects of Commitment of Non-Family Employees of Family Firms From the Perspective of Stewardship Theory. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (3):379 - 390.
Lowell Gallaway & Richard Vedder (1998). Government and Unemployment: Reply to De Long. Critical Review 12 (3):253-264.
Daniel Hart, Robert Atkins & Debra Ford (1999). Family Influences on the Formation of Moral Identity in Adolescence: Longitudinal Analyses. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):375-386.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads1 ( #453,748 of 1,099,912 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?