David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 57 (3):251-278 (2012)
Abstract Aristotle's account of Phantasia in De Anima 3.3 is notoriously difficult to decipher. At one point he describes Phantasia as a capacity for producing images, but then later in the same chapter it is clear Phantasia is supposed to explain appearances, such as why the sun appears to be a foot wide. Many commentators argue that images cannot explain appearances, and so they claim that Aristotle is using Phantasia in two different ways. In this paper I argue that images actually explain perceptual appearances for Aristotle, and so Phantasia always refers to images. I take a new approach to interpreting DA 3.3, reading it alongside Plato's Theaetetus and Sophist . In the Theaetetus , Socrates explains how memory gives rise to perceptual appearance. I claim that Aristotle adopts Socrates' account of perceptual appearance, but what Socrates calls memory, Aristotle calls Phantasia
|Keywords||phantasia Aristotle perception memory imagination Plato|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rachel Barney (1992). Appearances and Impressions. Phronesis 37 (3):283-313.
Jeffrey Barnouw (2002). Propositional Perception: Phantasia, Predication, and Sign in Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. University Press of America.
Jessica Moss (2009). Akrasia and Perceptual Illusion. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91 (2):119-156.
Yasuhiko Murakami (2013). Affection of Contact and Transcendental Telepathy in Schizophrenia and Autism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):179-194.
Denisa Butnaru (2009). Typification and Phantasia. Schutzian Research 1:201-225.
Eric Sanday (forthcoming). Phantasia in De Anima. In Claudia Baracchi (ed.), Companion to Aristotle. Continuum.
Kevin White (1985). The Meaning of Phantasia in Aristotle's De Anima, III, 3–. Dialogue 24 (03):483-.
H. J. Blumenthal (1977). Neoplatonic Interpretations of Aristotle on "Phantasia". Review of Metaphysics 31 (2):242 - 257.
Ned O'Gorman (2005). Aristotle's Phantasia in the Rhetoric : Lexis, Appearance, and the Epideictic Function of Discourse. Philosophy and Rhetoric 38 (1):16-40.
Mor Segev (2012). The Teleological Significance of Dreaming in Aristotle. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 43:107-141.
Anne Sheppard (1994). Phantasia Gerard Watson: Phantasia in Classical Thought. Pp. Xiii + 176. Galway: Galway University Press, 1988. £14.95. The Classical Review 44 (01):79-81.
Malcolm Schofield (2011). Phantasia in De Motu Animalium. In Michael Pakaluk & Giles Pearson (eds.), Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford University Press.
Michael B. Papazian (2004). Propositional Perception: Phantasia, Predication and Sign in Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics, by Jeffrey Barnouw. Ancient Philosophy 24 (1):235-238.
Victor Caston (1998). Aristotle and the Problem of Intentionality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):249-298.
Arthur Falk (1995). A Connectionist Solution to Problems Posed by Plato and Aristotle. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (3-1):1 - 12.
Added to index2012-06-06
Total downloads45 ( #42,903 of 1,413,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #19,463 of 1,413,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?