David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In this paper I will be concerned with the question of the extent to which semantics can be thought of as a purely formal exercise, which we can engage in in a way that is neutral with respect to how our formal system is to be interpreted. I will be arguing, to the contrary, that the features of the formal systems which we use to do semantics are closely linked, in several different ways, to the interpretation that we give to those formal systems. The occasion for this question, and the main example that I will use to illustrate my answer to it, is the close relationship between the formal systems employed in recent statements of apparently competing accounts of epistemic modals with the dynamic, expressivist, and relativist theoretical paradigms. The structure of the paper will be straightforward. In part 1, I will briefly introduce four theories of epistemic modals – one dynamic theory, two expressivist theories, and one relativist theory. Then in part 2 I’ll show that one expressivist theory is formally equivalent to the dynamic theory, that the other is formally equivalent to the relativist theory, and that the two expressivist theories are themselves essentially notational variants. I’ll use these facts to pose our central question: if these theories have so much formally in common, then doesn’t that suggest that we can separate the task of constructing a formal semantics from the task of deciding between competing interpretations of it? Finally, in part 3 I’ll answer that question in the negative. There are at least three reasons why formal semantics cannot be separated from questions of interpretation that are illustrated by the theories I introduce in part 1
|Keywords||Dynamic Semantics Expressivism Relativism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Zhaohui Luo (2012). Formal Semantics in Modern Type Theories with Coercive Subtyping. Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (6):491-513.
Emma Borg (2004). Formal Semantics and Intentional States. Analysis 64 (3):215–223.
Jaroslav Peregrin (ed.) (2003). Meaning: The Dynamic Turn. Elsevier Science.
Mark Schroeder (2010). How to Be an Expressivist About Truth. In Cory D. Wright & Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen (eds.), New Waves in Truth. Palgrave Macmillan. 282--298.
Myriam Bras & Laure Vieu (eds.) (2001). Semantic and Pragmatic Issues in Discourse and Dialogue: Experimenting with Current Dynamic Theories. Elsevier.
Juan Barba (2007). Formal Semantics in the Age of Pragmatics. Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (6):637-668.
C. F. M. Vermeulen (1995). Merging Without Mystery Or: Variables in Dynamics Semantics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):405 - 450.
Shalom Lappin (ed.) (1996). The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference.
Carlos Pedro dos Santos Gonçalves & Maria Odete Madeira, A Systems Theoretical Formal Logic for Category Theory.
Chris Fox (2005). Foundations of Intensional Semantics. Blackwell Pub..
Emma Borg (2004). Minimal Semantics. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2011-07-19
Total downloads144 ( #9,090 of 1,696,633 )
Recent downloads (6 months)57 ( #3,075 of 1,696,633 )
How can I increase my downloads?