David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2):1-21 (2012)
Moral duties concerning climate change mitigation are – for good reasons – conventionally construed as duties of institutional agents, usually states. Yet, in both scholarly debate and political discourse, it has occasionally been argued that the moral duties lie not only with states and institutional agents, but also with individual citizens. This argument has been made with regard to mitigation efforts, especially those reducing greenhouse gases. This paper focuses on the question of whether individuals in industrialized countries have duties to reduce their individual carbon footprint. To this end it will examine three kinds of arguments that have been brought forward against individuals having such duties: the view that individual emissions cause no harm; the view that individual mitigation efforts would have no morally significant effect; and the view that lifestyle changes would be overly-demanding. The paper shows how all three arguments fail to convince. While collective endeavours may be most efficient and effective in bringing about significant changes, there are still good reasons to contribute individually to reducing emission. After all, for most people the choice is between reducing one’s individual emissions and not doing anything. The author hopes this paper shows that one should not opt for the latter.
|Keywords||Climate Change Collective Harm Principle Collective Moral Obligations|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Christian List (2011). Group Agency: The Possibility, Design, and Status of Corporate Agents. Oxford University Press.
Iris Marion Young (2006). Responsibility and Global Justice: A Social Connection Model. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):102-130.
Peter Singer (1972). Famine, Affluence, and Morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):229-243.
Stephen M. Gardiner, Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson & Henry Shue (2010). Climate Ethics: Essential Readings. OUP Usa.
Simon Caney (2010). Climate Change and the Duties of the Advantaged. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):203-228.
Citations of this work BETA
Carl Knight (2016). Climate Change, Fundamental Interests, and Global Justice. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (5):629-644.
Dan C. Shahar (2016). Treading Lightly on the Climate in a Problem-Ridden World. Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (2):183-195.
Similar books and articles
Anne Schwenkenbecher (2013). Joint Duties and Global Moral Obligations. Ratio 26 (3):310-328.
Anne Schwenkenbecher (2011). Moral Obligations of States. In Applied Ethics Series. Center of Applied Ethics and Philosophy
Anne Schwenkenbecher (2011). How to Punish Collective Agents. Ethics and International Affairs.
Stephanie Collins (2013). Collectives' Duties and Collectivisation Duties. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):231-248.
Bill Wringe (2014). Collective Obligations: Their Existence, Their Explanatory Power, and Their Supervenience on the Obligations of Individuals. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4).
Aaron Maltais (2013). Radically Non-Ideal Climate Politics and the Obligation to at Least Vote Green. Environmental Values 22 (5):589-608.
Melany Banks (2013). Individual Responsibility for Climate Change. Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (1):42-66.
James Garvey (2010). Climate Change and Moral Outrage. Human Ecology Review 17 (2):96-101.
Tracy Isaacs (2011). Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts. Oxford University Press.
Steve Vanderheiden (2007). Climate Change and the Challenge of Moral Responsibility. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):85-92.
Avram Hiller (2011). Climate Change and Individual Responsibility. The Monist 94 (3):349-368.
M. L. J. Wissenburg (2011). Parenting and Intergenerational Justice: Why Collective Obligations Towards Future Generations Take Second Place to Individual Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):557-573.
Added to index2012-07-09
Total downloads163 ( #23,082 of 1,911,494 )
Recent downloads (6 months)31 ( #23,570 of 1,911,494 )
How can I increase my downloads?