Introducing transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and its property of causal inference in investigating brain-function relationships
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 141 (2):155-73 (2004)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a method capable of transiently modulating neural excitability. Depending on the stimulation parameters information processing in the brain can be either enhanced or disrupted. This way the contribution of different brain areas involved in mental processes can be studied, allowing a functional decomposition of cognitive behavior both in the temporal and spatial domain, hence providing a functional resolution of brain/mind processes. The aim of the present paper is to argue that TMS with its ability to draw causal inferences on function and its neural representations is a valuable neurophysiological tool for investigating the causal basis of neuronal functions and can provide substantive insight into the modern interdisciplinary and (anti)reductionist neurophilosophical debates concerning the relationships between brain functions and mental abilities. Thus, TMS can serve as a heuristic method for resolving causal issues in an arena where only correlative tools have traditionally been available
|Keywords||Brain Causal Inference Neuroscience Representation Science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Morten Overgaard, Jorgen Feldbaek Nielsen & Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen (2004). A TMS Study of the Ventral Projections From V1 with Implications for the Finding of Neural Correlates of Consciousness. Brain and Cognition 54 (1):58-64.
Justin Garson (2011). Selected Effects and Causal Role Functions in the Brain: The Case for an Etiological Approach to Neuroscience. Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):547-565.
Vinay Shukla (2011). Retracted Article: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Recent Advancement and Neuroethical Issues. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 4 (3):271-271.
Juha Silvanto (2007). Abstract Making the Blindsighted See. Neuropsychologia 45 (14):3346-50.
Tony Ro (2006). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Unconscious and Conscious Vision. In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press 335-352.
Marie-Hélène Grosbras & Tomáš Paus (2003). Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Human Frontal Eye Field Facilitates Visual Awareness. European Journal of Neuroscience 18 (11):3121-3126.
Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Haluk Ogmen (2004). A Comparison of Masking by Visual and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Implications for the Study of Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):829-843.
Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Markus Kosel & Hans-Ulrich Fisch (2006). Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Depression. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):111-127.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #67,463 of 1,699,596 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #128,702 of 1,699,596 )
How can I increase my downloads?