Kant's reception in France: Theories of the categories in academic philosophy, psychology, and social science
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Perspectives on Science 11 (1):3-34 (2003)
: It has been said that Kant's critical philosophy made it impossible to pursue either the Cartesian rationalist or the Lockean empiricist program of providing a foundation for the sciences (e.g., Guyer 1992). This claim does not hold true for much of nineteenth century French philosophy, especially the eclectic spiritualist tradition that begins with Victor Cousin (1792-1867) and Pierre Maine de Biran (1766-1824) and continues through Paul Janet (1823-99). This tradition assimilated Kant's transcendental apperception of the unity of experience to Descartes's cogito. They then took this to be the method of a philosophical psychology that reveals the active self as substance or cause and thus provides the epistemological grounding for these categories. However, to dismiss these philosophers as simply confused or mistaken would be to overlook the historical role that their interpretations of Kant played in the subsequent development of philosophy and the social sciences in France. Specifically, Émile Durkheim's (1858-1917) sociological theory of the categories was deeply influenced by the eclectic spiritualist tradition and yet at the same time developed in reaction to it, as he thought that its psychological account of the categories failed to bring out their shared or universal character and the extent to which our conceptions of the categories are cultural products
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gary Hatfield (1997). The Workings of the Intellect: Mind and Psychology. In Patricia Easton (ed.), Logic and the Workings of the Mind: The Logic of Ideas and Faculty Psychology in Early Modern Philosophy. Ridgeview Publishing Co 21-45.
R. Lanier Anderson (2001). Synthesis, Cognitive Normativity, and the Meaning of Kant's Question, 'How Are Synthetic Cognitions a Priori Possible?'. European Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):275–305.
Ulrich Johannes Schneider (1998). Eclecticism Rediscovered. Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (1):173-182.
George die Giovanni (1998). Hume, Jacobi, and Common Sense. An Episode in the Reception of Hume in Germany at the Time of Kant. Kant-Studien 89 (1):44-58.
George di Giovanni (1997). The Early Fichte as Disciple of Jacobi. Fichte-Studien 9:257-273.
Citations of this work BETA
Warren Schmaus (2007). Renouvier and the Method of Hypothesis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):132-148.
Similar books and articles
Philip Dwyer (2010). Necessity and Possibility: The Logical Strategy of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (3):402-403.
Dennis Schulting (2010). Limitation and Idealism: Kant's 'Long' Argument From the Categories. In Dennis Schulting Jacco Verburgt (ed.), Kant's Idealism. Springer
Aaron M. Griffith (2012). Perception and the Categories: A Conceptualist Reading of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):193-222.
Warren Schmaus (2003). Is Durkheim the Enemy of Evolutionary Psychology? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (1):25-52.
Horst Pfeiffle (2008). On the Psychogenesis of the a Priori: Jean Piaget's Critique of Kant. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (5):487-498.
Anil Gomes (2010). Is Kant's Transcendental Deduction of the Categories Fit for Purpose? Kantian Review 15 (2):118-137.
Dennis Schulting (2008). Deducing the Categories of Modality and Relation - Reich Revisited. In Valerio Rohden, Riccardo Terra & Guido de Almeida (eds.), Akten des 10. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter 691--702.
Ralf M. Bader (2009). Kant and the Categories of Freedom. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):799-820.
Dennis Schulting (2012). Kant's Deduction and Apperception. Explaining the Categories. Palgrave Macmillan.
Paul Guyer (1987). Kant and the Claims of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads29 ( #143,805 of 1,934,803 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #146,211 of 1,934,803 )
How can I increase my downloads?