David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 151 (1):115--142 (2010)
Stalnaker ( 1978 ) made two seminal claims about presuppositions. The most influential one was that presupposition projection is computed by a pragmatic mechanism based on a notion of ‘local context’ . Due to conceptual and technical difficulties, however, the latter notion was reinterpreted in purely semantic terms within ‘dynamic semantics’ (Heim 1983 ). The second claim was that some instances of presupposition generation should also be explained in pragmatic terms . But despite various attempts, the definition of a precise ‘triggering algorithm’ has remained somewhat elusive. We discuss possible extensions of both claims. First, we offer a reconstruction of ‘local contexts’ which circumvents some of the difficulties faced by Stalnaker’s original analysis. We preserve the idea that local contexts are computed by a pragmatic mechanism that aggregates the information that follows from an incomplete sentence given the global context; but we crucially rely on a modified notion of entailment (‘R-entailment’), whose plausibility should be assessed on independent grounds. Second, we speculate that local contexts might prove necessary (though by no means sufficient) to understand how some presuppositions are triggered. In a nutshell, we suggest that a presupposition is triggered when the semantic contribution of an expression to its local context is in some sense ‘heterogeneous’. Without giving an analysis of the latter notion, we note that this architecture implies that presuppositions should be triggered on the basis of the meaning that an expression has relative to its local context (what we call its ‘local meaning’); we sketch some possible consequences of this analysis
|Keywords||Presupposition Projection problem Triggering problem Stalnaker Assertion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
D. Abusch (2009). Presupposition Triggering From Alternatives. Journal of Semantics 27 (1):37-80.
Patrick Blackburn (1994). Tense, Temporal Reference, and Tense Logic. Journal of Semantics 11 (1-2):83-101.
Emmanuel Chemla (2009). Presuppositions of Quantified Sentences: Experimental Data. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):299-340.
Irene Heim (1983). On the Projection Problem for Presuppositions. In P. Portner & B. H. Partee (eds.), Formal Semantics - the Essential Readings. Blackwell 249--260.
David Lewis (1979). Attitudes de Dicto and de Se. Philosophical Review 88 (4):513-543.
Citations of this work BETA
Márta Abrusán (2011). Predicting the Presuppositions of Soft Triggers. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):491-535.
Emmanuel Chemla & Philippe Schlenker (2012). Incremental Vs. Symmetric Accounts of Presupposition Projection: An Experimental Approach. Natural Language Semantics 20 (2):177-226.
Similar books and articles
Candace L. Upton (2009). The Structure of Character. Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):175 - 193.
Fee-Alexandra Haase, The Meanings of Beauty: Studies of a Cultural Concept and its Variations in Multi-Lingual Societies of Africa Illustrating the Diversity in Esthetics and Ethnic Terminology.
Miklós Rédei & Giovanni Valente (2010). How Local Are Local Operations in Local Quantum Field Theory? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (4):346-353.
William A. Clark (2001). The Authority of Local Church Communities. Philosophy and Theology 13 (2):399-424.
Bradford Skow (2008). Local and Global Relativity Principles. Philosophers' Imprint 8 (10):1-14.
Jonathan E. Adler (1976). Evaluating Global and Local Theories of Induction. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:212 - 223.
P. Schlenker (2010). Presuppositions and Local Contexts. Mind 119 (474):377-391.
Stephen Maitzen (2006). The Impossibility of Local Skepticism. Philosophia 34 (4):453-464.
Added to index2010-07-19
Total downloads33 ( #93,190 of 1,707,731 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #77,173 of 1,707,731 )
How can I increase my downloads?