Learning under anesthesia: Checking the light in the fridge? Commentary on deeprose and Andrade (2006)
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):24-27 (2006)
Research on learning under anesthesia has focused on showing that learning is possible in the absence of awareness. However, a simple dissociation between learning and awareness is conclusive only under strong additional assumptions, and the actual state of consciousness of an anesthetized person is difficult to determine. Instead of trying to establish complete unconsciousness, one might employ gradual anesthesia to experimentally vary the level of consciousness in a controlled fashion, checking whether cognitive processes exist that can change in opposite direction to measures of awareness
|Keywords||*Anesthesia (Feeling) *Awareness *Consciousness States *Implicit Learning *Priming|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Holender (1986). Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification in Dichotic Listening, Parafoveal Vision, and Visual Masking: A Survey and Appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):1-23.
David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John (1994). Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle (1988). Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Study Perception Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 44:563-575.
Philip M. Merikle & S. Joordens (1997). Parallels Between Perception Without Attention and Perception Without Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):219-36.
Thomas Schmidt & Dirk Vorberg (2006). Criteria for Unconscious Cognition: Three Types of Dissociation. Perception and Psychophysics 68 (3):489-504.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Eric Eich, J. L. Reeves & R. L. Katz (1985). Anesthesia, Amnesia, and the Memory/Awareness Distinction. Anesthesia and Analgesia 64:1143-48.
James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner (2007). Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.
J. M. Evans (1987). Patient's Experiences of Awareness During General Anesthesia. In Michael Rosen & J. N. Lunn (eds.), Consciousness, Awareness, and Pain in General Anesthesia. Butterworths
Séverine Fay, Michel Isingrini & Viviane Pouthas (2005). Does Priming with Awareness Reflect Explicit Contamination? An Approach with a Response-Time Measure in Word-Stem Completion. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):459-473.
D. C. White (1987). Anesthesia: A Privation of the Senses: An Historical Introduction and Some Definitions. In Michael Rosen & J. N. Lunn (eds.), Consciousness, Awareness, and Pain in General Anesthesia. Butterworths
Tony Towell (2001). Unconscious Awareness. In Ron Roberts & David Groome (eds.), Parapsychology: The Science of Unusual Experience. Arnold 77-85.
Jackie Andrade (1995). Learning During Anesthesia: A Review. British Journal of Psychology 86:479-506.
Jackie Andrade & J. G. Jones (1997). Awareness in Anesthesia. In G. Hall & Morris J. Morgan (eds.), Short Practice of Anesthesia. Chapman and Hall
Jackie Andrade & Catherine Deeprose (2006). A Starting Point for Consciousness Research: Reply to Thomas Schmidt. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):28-30.
Catherine Deeprose & Jackie Andrade (2006). Is Priming During Anesthesia Unconscious? Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):1-23.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads215 ( #12,031 of 1,793,264 )
Recent downloads (6 months)70 ( #9,830 of 1,793,264 )
How can I increase my downloads?