Overdetermining causes

Philosophical Studies 114 (1-2):23 - 45 (2003)
When two rocks shatter the window at once, what causes the window to shatter? Is the throwing of each individual rock a cause of the window shattering, or are the throwings only causes collectively? This question bears on the analysis of causation, and the metaphysics of macro-causation. I argue that the throwing of each individual rock is a cause of the window shattering, and generally that individual overdeterminers are causes.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy   Epistemology   Logic   Philosophy of Mind   Philosophy of Religion
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DOI 10.2307/4321372
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Justin Tiehen (2015). Explaining Causal Closure. Philosophical Studies 172 (9):2405-2425.

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