"One man's trash is another man's treasure": exploring economic and moral subtexts of the "organ shortage" problem in public views on organ donation
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):473-476 (2009)
The debate over financial incentives and market models for organ procurement represents a key trend in recent bioethics. In this paper, we wish to reassess one of its central premises—the idea of organ shortage. While the problem is often presented as an objective statistical fact that can be taken for granted, we will take a closer look at the underlying framework expressed in the common rhetoric of “scarcity”, “shortage” or “unfulfilled demand”. On the basis of theoretical considerations as well as a socioempirical examination of public attitudes, we will argue that this rhetoric has an economic subtext that imbues the debate with normative premises that have far-reaching social and ethical consequences and need to be made explicit and discussed
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Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Brian Wynne (2012). Erratum To: The Ethics of 'Public Understanding of Ethics'—Why and How Bioethics Expertise Should Include Public and Patients' Voices. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):251-251.
Mark Schweda & Silke Schicktanz (2014). Why Public Moralities Matter—The Relevance of Socioempirical Premises for the Ethical Debate on Organ Markets. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):217-222.
Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Brian Wynne (2012). The Ethics of ‘Public Understanding of Ethics’—Why and How Bioethics Expertise Should Include Public and Patients’ Voices. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):129-139.
Victor Saenz (2014). Bioethics and Disagreement: Organ Markets, Abortion, Cognitive Enhancement, Double Effect, and Other Key Issues in Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):207-216.
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