Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology [Book Review]

Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477 - 513 (2004)
Abstract
This paper addresses the visual culture of late-19th-century experimental physiology. Taking the case of Johann Nepomuk Czermak (1828-1873) as a key example, it argues that images played a crucial role in acquiring experimental physiological skills. Czermak, Emil Du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and other late-19th-century physiologists sought to present the achievements and perspective of their discipline by way of "immediate visual perception (unmittelbare Anschauung)." However, the images they produced and presented for this purpose were strongly mediated. By means of specifically designed instruments, such as the "cardioscope," the "contraction telegraph," and the "frog pistol," and of specifically constructed rooms, so-called "spectatoriums," physiologists trained and controlled the perception of their students before allowing them to conduct experiments on their own. Studying the material culture of physiological image production reveals that technological resources such as telegraphy, photography, and even railways contributed to making physiological facts anschaulich. At the same time, it shows that the more traditional image techniques of anatomy played an important role in physiological lecture halls, especially when it came to displaying the details of vivisection experiments to the public. Thus, the images of late 19th century physiology stood half-way between machines and organisms, between books and instruments.
Keywords Emil Du Bois-Reymond  experiment  Johann Nepomuk Czermak  material culture  observation  physiology  visual instruction
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 11,404
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Fred W. Mast (2005). Mental Images: Always Present, Never There. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):769-770.
A. Polikarov (1995). Concerning the Integration of Sciences: Kinds and Stages. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 26 (2):297 - 312.
Morana Ala (2004). Negotiating Pictures of Numbers. Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):199 – 214.
Morana Alač (2004). Negotiating Pictures of Numbers. Social Epistemology 18 (2-3):199-214.
Albrecht Hirschmüller (1997). Dynamometrie. Zur Messung der Körperkraft des Menschen im 19. Jahrhundert. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 5 (1):104-118.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-05-29

Total downloads

3 ( #298,221 of 1,102,989 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #297,509 of 1,102,989 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.