Reductionism in Personal Identity and the Phenomenological Sense of Being a Temporally Extended Self
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (4):339-356 (2013)
The special and unique attitudes that we take towards events in our futures/pasts—e.g., attitudes like the dread of an impeding pain—create a challenge for “Reductionist” accounts that reduce persons to aggregates of interconnected person stages: if the person stage currently dreading tomorrow’s pain is numerically distinct from the person stage that will actually suffer the pain, what reason could the current person stage have for thinking of that future pain as being his? One reason everyday subjects believe they have a substantially extended temporal existence stems from introspection—they introspectively experience their selves as being temporally extended. In this paper, I examine whether a Reductionist about personal identity can co-opt this explanation. Using Galen Strawson’s recent work on self-experience as a resource, I reach both a negative and a positive conclusion about the prospects of such a position. First, the relevant kind of self-experience—i.e., the introspective experience of one’s self as being a substantially temporally extended entity—will not automatically arise within a person stage simply in virtue of that stage being psychologically connected to/continuous with other person stages. Second, the relevant kind of self-experience will arise, however, in virtue of person stages weaving together their respective experiences, actions, etc. via a narrative. This positive conclusion points towards a new Reductionist position that focuses upon a narrative, and not mere psychological continuity, in attempting to justify the special attitudes we take towards events in our futures/pasts.
|Keywords||Personal Identity Reductionism in personal identity Narrative theories of identity Self experience|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Patrick Stokes (2008). Locke, Kierkegaard and the Phenomenology of Personal Identity. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):645 – 672.
Timothy Chappell (1998). Reductionism About Persons; and What Matters. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (1):41-58.
Roy W. Perrett & Charles Barton (1999). Personal Identity, Reductionism, and the Necessity of Origins. Erkenntnis 51 (2-3):277-94.
Amy Kind (2004). The Metaphysics of Personal Identity and Our Special Concern for the Future. Metaphilosophy 35 (4):536-553.
Marya Schechtman (2001). Empathic Access: The Missing Ingredient in Personal Identity. Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):95 – 111.
David DeGrazia (2005). Human Identity and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
Patrick Stokes (forthcoming). Crossing the Bridge: The First-Person and Time. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
Kathy Behrendt (2005). Impersonal Identity and Corrupting Concepts. Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):159-188.
Brian J. Garrett (1991). Personal Identity and Reductionism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (June):361-373.
Gerard P. Montague, Personal Identity and Self as Narrative : Formal Identity and Narrative Identity as Two Essential Building Blocks in the Constitution of Self.
Deborah C. Smith (2001). Parfit on Personal Identity. Idealistic Studies 31 (2/3):169-181.
R. G. Swinburne (1973). Personal Identity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74:231 - 247.
E. Furberg (2012). Advance Directives and Personal Identity: What Is the Problem? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):60-73.
Harold Langsam (2001). Pain, Personal Identity, and the Deep Further Fact. Erkenntnis 54 (2):247-271.
Added to index2012-12-08
Total downloads136 ( #4,643 of 1,013,596 )
Recent downloads (6 months)39 ( #1,749 of 1,013,596 )
How can I increase my downloads?