Sociosexuality from argentina to zimbabwe: A 48-nation study of sex, culture, and strategies of human mating
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):247-275 (2005)
The Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI; Simpson & Gangestad 1991) is a self-report measure of individual differences in human mating strategies. Low SOI scores signify that a person is sociosexually restricted, or follows a more monogamous mating strategy. High SOI scores indicate that an individual is unrestricted, or has a more promiscuous mating strategy. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project (ISDP), the SOI was translated from English into 25 additional languages and administered to a total sample of 14,059 people across 48 nations. Responses to the SOI were used to address four main issues. First, the psychometric properties of the SOI were examined in cross-cultural perspective. The SOI possessed adequate reliability and validity both within and across a diverse range of modern cultures. Second, theories concerning the systematic distribution of sociosexuality across cultures were evaluated. Both operational sex ratios and reproductively demanding environments related in evolutionary-predicted ways to national levels of sociosexuality. Third, sex differences in sociosexuality were generally large and demonstrated cross-cultural universality across the 48 nations of the ISDP, confirming several evolutionary theories of human mating. Fourth, sex differences in sociosexuality were significantly larger when reproductive environments were demanding but were reduced to more moderate levels in cultures with more political and economic gender equality. Implications for evolutionary and social role theories of human sexuality are discussed. Key Words: culture; gender; mating; reproduction; sex differences; sex roles; sexual strategies; sociosexuality.
|Keywords||culture gender mating reproduction sex differences sex roles sexual strategies sociosexuality|
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Citations of this work BETA
Lane Beckes & Jeffry A. Simpson (2009). Attachment, Reproduction, and Life History Trade-Offs: A Broader View of Human Mating. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):23-24.
Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine & Ara Norenzayan (2010). The Weirdest People in the World. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):61-83.
Joseph A. Vandello & Vanessa E. Hettinger (2012). Parasite-Stress, Cultures of Honor, and the Emergence of Gender Bias in Purity Norms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):95-96.
Marco Del Giudice (2009). Human Reproductive Strategies: An Emerging Synthesis? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):45-67.
Lars Penke (2009). Adaptive Developmental Plasticity Might Not Contribute Much to the Adaptiveness of Reproductive Strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):38-39.
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