David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (1):85-107 (2009)
In recent years there has been a revival of the debate about the relation between history and philosophy of science. This article seeks to contribute to the discussion by approaching the issue from a new angle. To rethink the relation between the two domains of study, I apply an important insight about scientific practice to the practice of integrating the history and philosophy of science: the insight that the scientific paper does not give a faithful account of the actual research pursued in the laboratory or in the field. Arguably, the scholarly article about science is also not a transparent window to the activity of producing such an article. But if it is not, we need to redirect our attention. If we want to understand the nature and merits of integrating the history and philosophy of science, we need to examine both the actual activity of integrating and the scholarly paper produced by it. To consider what one can learn from such an inquiry, I reflect on my own activity of studying scientific justification through the combination of historical and philosophical analysis. Probing a concrete historical episode, micro-anatomical research on the retina in the 19th century, I pursue two related questions, the first-order question, 'What exactly is scientific justification in the given case?' and the meta-question, 'How do I go about analysing justificatory practices?' I then characterise the nature of my analysis and consider what can be learned from the study of the practice of integrating the history and philosophy of science
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Bruno Latour (1987). Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. Harvard University Press.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Ian Hacking (2002). Historical Ontology. Harvard University Press.
K. Knorr-Cetina (1981). The Manufacture of Knowledge: An Essay on the Constructivist and Contextual Nature of Science. Pergamon Press.
Arthur Donovan, Larry Laudan, Rachel Laudan & John Preston (1994). Scrutinizing Science: Empirical Studies of Scientific Change. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1063-1065.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James T. Cushing (1998). Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Cambridge University Press.
Theodore Arabatzis, Hidden Entities and Experimental Practice: Towards a Two-Way Traffic Between History and Philosophy of Science.
H. Radder (1997). Philosophy and History of Science: Beyond the Kuhnian Paradigm. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):633-655.
Jutta Schickore (2008). Doing Science, Writing Science. Philosophy of Science 75 (3):323-343.
Andrew Pickering (ed.) (1992). Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press.
C. Chimisso (2003). The Tribunal of Philosophy and its Norms: History and Philosophy in Georges Canguilhem's Historical Epistemology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):297-327.
Roger Ariew (1986). Descartes as Critic of Galileo's Scientific Methodology. Synthese 67 (1):77 - 90.
Melinda Fagan, Social Epistemology of Scientific Inquiry: Beyond Historical Vs. Philosophical Case Studies.
John Losee (1987). Philosophy of Science and Historical Enquiry. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-07-12
Total downloads32 ( #100,267 of 1,725,989 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #369,877 of 1,725,989 )
How can I increase my downloads?