David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Techne 10 (1):53-65 (2006)
The use of artefacts by human agents is subject to human standards or norms of conduct. Many of those norms are provided by the social context in which artefacts are used. Others are provided by the proper functions of the artefacts. This article argues for a general framework in which norms that are provided by proper functions are related to norms provided by the (more general) social context of use. Departing from the concept, developed by Joseph Raz, of “exclusionary reasons” it is argued that proper functions provide “institutional reasons” for use. Proper use of artefacts (use according to the proper function) is embedded in the normative structures of social institutions. These social normative structures are complementary to traditional norms of practical rationalityand are a kind of second-order reasons: exclusionary reasons. It is argued that proper functions of artefacts provide institutional reasons, which are up to a certain extent similar to exclusionary reasons. The most notable difference concerns the fact that proper functions not so much exclude other types of use, but rather place that use (and the user) in particular social structures with particular rights and obligations. An institutional reason not only gives a reason for action, it also provides reasons for evaluating actions according to such reasons positively (and other negatively). The upshot of the analysis is that it provides an additionaltool for understanding and evaluating the use of artefacts
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Andrés Vaccari (2013). Artifact Dualism, Materiality, and the Hard Problem of Ontology: Some Critical Remarks on the Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts Program. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):7-29.
Similar books and articles
Antony Hatzistavrou (2012). Motivation, Reconsideration and Exclusionary Reasons. Ratio Juris 25 (3):318-342.
Christopher Essert (2012). A Dilemma for Protected Reasons. Law and Philosophy 31 (1):49-75.
Paul A. Roth (2005). Three Grades of Normative Involvement: Risjord, Stueber, and Henderson on Norms and Explanation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (3):339-352.
Ken Binmore (2010). Social Norms or Social Preferences? Mind and Society 9 (2):139-157.
Michael E. Bratman (2011). Intention Rationality. Philosophical Explorations 12 (3):227-241.
John Skorupski (2012). The Triplism of Practical Reason. Ratio 25 (2):127-147.
Pieter E. Vermaas (2009). Produced to Use. Techne 13 (2):123-136.
Aaron James (2007). Constructivism About Practical Reasons. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):302–325.
Ryan Burg (2009). Deliberative Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):665 - 683.
María Cristina Redondo (2005). Legal Reasons: Between Universalism and Particularism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):47-68.
William A. Edmundson (1993). Review: Rethinking Exclusionary Reasons: A Second Edition of Joseph Raz's "Practical Reason and Norms". [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 12 (3):329 - 343.
Francoise Longy (2006). Function and Probability. Techne 10 (1):66-78.
P. Hulsen (1998). Back to Basics: A Theory of the Emergence of Institutional Facts. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 17 (3):271-299.
Chandra Sripada & Stephen Stich (2006). A Framework for the Psychology of Norms. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind, Volume 2: Culture and Cognition. Oxford University Press
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads10 ( #235,035 of 1,726,181 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #147,227 of 1,726,181 )
How can I increase my downloads?