David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):211-223 (2013)
In this paper phenomenological descriptions of the experiential structures of suicidality and of self-determined behaviour are given; an understanding of the possible scopes and forms of lived self-determination in suicidal mental life is offered. Two possible limits of lived self-determination are described: suicide is always experienced as minimally self-determined, because it is the last active and effective behaviour, even in blackest despair; suicide can never be experienced as fully self-determined, even if valued as the authentic thing to do, because no retrospective re-evaluation from some future vantage is possible. The phenomenological descriptions of the possible scope of lived self-determination in suicidality, presented in this paper, should prove to be extremely helpful in three different fields of interest: (a) ethical debates regarding the pros and cons of autonomous or heteronomous suicide; (b) clinical day-to-day practice with respect to treating suicidal people; (c) people who suffered a suicidal crisis, attempted suicide or lost loved ones through suicides. (155 words)
|Keywords||Agency Autonomy Conduct of life Experience of being rescued Minimal sense of self-determination Phenomenology Self-effectivity Suicide|
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References found in this work BETA
Margaret Pabst Battin (2010). The Irony of Supporting Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Personal Account. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):403-411.
Michael Cholbi (2013). Suicide. International Encyclopedia of Ethics.
John Drummond (2008). Moral Phenomenology and Moral Intentionality. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):35-49.
Gavin J. Fairbairn & Gavin Fairbairn (1995). Contemplating Suicide: The Language and Ethics of Self-Harm. Routledge.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
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