David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):309 – 327 (1996)
We report two experiments on temporal reasoning with problems, such as: John has cleaned the house. John is taking a shower. John is going to read the paper. Mary always does the dishes when John cleans the house. Mary always drinks her coffee when John reads the paper. What for Mary is the relation between doing the dishes and drinking coffee? The experiments showed that problems such as this one, which require one mental model, elicited correct answers more often than did those requiring multiple models (e.g. with the second premise modified to "John has taken a shower", so that the order between the events in the first two premises is not fixed). These multiple-model problems, in turn, elicited more correct answers than did multiple-model problems with no valid answers (e.g. with the second premise modified to "John has taken a shower", and the fifth premise modified to "Mary always drinks her coffee when John takes a shower"). One-model problems were also solved more quickly than multiple-model problems, which were solved more quickly than problems with no valid answers. These results corroborated the predictions of the mental model theory of reasoning.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Csongor Juhos, Ana Cristina Quelhas & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2012). Temporal and Spatial Relations in Sentential Reasoning. Cognition 122 (3):393-404.
Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst & Walter Schaeken (2005). The Wording of Conclusions in Relational Reasoning. Cognition 97 (1):1-22.
Similar books and articles
Simon J. Handley & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2000). Supposition and Representation in Human Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):273 – 311.
Vicky Dierckx & Andr (2004). Plugging a Tooth Before Anaesthetising the Patient? The Influence of People's Beliefs on Reasoning About the Temporal Order of Actions. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):371 – 404.
Andre Vandierendonck (1996). Evidence for Mental-Model-Based Reasoning: A Comparison of Reasoning with Time and Space Concepts. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):249 – 272.
Manuel Carreiras & Carlos Santamaria (1997). Reasoning About Relations: Spatial and Nonspatial Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (3):191 – 208.
Henry Markovits (2000). A Mental Model Analysis of Young Children's Conditional Reasoning with Meaningful Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):335 – 347.
Vicky Dierckx & Andr (2003). Is Model Construction Open to Strategic Decisions? An Exploration in the Field of Linear Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):97 – 131.
Jeppe Berggreen Høj (2009). Problems for Broome's Cognitivist Account of Instrumental Reasoning. Acta Analytica 25 (3):299-316.
John Best (2005). Recognition of Proofs in Conditional Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):326 – 348.
Lyn D. English (1998). Children's Reasoning in Solving Relational Problems of Deduction. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):249 – 281.
Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2000). Strategies in Temporal Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
Added to index2009-02-11
Total downloads6 ( #203,857 of 1,101,088 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #116,335 of 1,101,088 )
How can I increase my downloads?