David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):237-275 (2003)
The 'Reaction experiment with Hipp chronoscope' is one of the classical experiments of modern psychology. This paper investigates the technological contexts of this experiment. It argues that the development of time measurement and communication in other areas of science and technology (astronomy, the clock industry) were decisive for shaping the material culture of experimental in psychology. The chronoscope was constructed by Matthaus Hipp (1813-1893) in the late 1840s. In 1861, Adolphe Hirsch (1830-1901) introduced the chronoscope for measuring the 'physiological time' of astronomical observers. Hirsch's observatory at Neuchatel (Switzerland) served to control the quality of clocks produced in the nearby Jura mountains. Hipp provided the observatory with a telegraphic system that sent time signals to the centers of clock production. Time telegraphy constituted the stable surroundings of the reaction time experiments carried out by both astronomers and psychologists. This technology permitted precise measurements of short time intervals and offered to Hirsch, as well as to Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), a useful metaphor for conceptualizing their respective 'epistemic objects'. But time telegraphy also limited the possibilities of the experimental work conducted within its framework. In particular, noise from outside and inside the research sites at Neuchatel, Leipzig and elsewhere disturbed the precise communication of time.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Simon Schaffer (1988). Astronomers Mark Time: Discipline and the Personal Equation. Science in Context 2 (1).
John Cawood (1977). Terrestrial Magnetism and the Development of International Collaboration in the Early Nineteenth Century. Annals of Science 34 (6):551-587.
Ruth Benschop & Douwe Draaisma (2000). In Pursuit of Precision: The Calibration of Minds and Machines in Late Nineteenth-Century Psychology. Annals of Science 57 (1):1-25.
Sven Dierig (1998). „Feinere Messungen in der Mitte einer belebten Stadt”—Berliner Großstadtverkehr und die apparativen Hilfsmittel der Elektrophysiologie, 1845–1910. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 6 (1):148-169.
Fairfid M. Caudle (1983). The Developing Technology of Apparatus in Psychology's Early Laboratories. In Joseph Warren Dauben & Virginia Staudt Sexton (eds.), History and Philosophy of Science: Selected Papers. New York Academy of Sciences
Citations of this work BETA
Jeremy Blatter (2015). Screening the Psychological Laboratory: Hugo Münsterberg, Psychotechnics, and the Cinema, 1892–1916. Science in Context 28 (1):53-76.
Richard Noakes (2014). Haunted Thoughts of the Careful Experimentalist: Psychical Research and the Troubles of Experimental Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:46-56.
Similar books and articles
Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (2011). Time in Cognitive Development. In Craig Callender (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time. Oxford University Press
Bruce Bridgeman (1997). Attention Shuts Out Irrelevant Stimuli. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):769-769.
Eva Hoffman (2009). Time. Profile Books.
Alexander Waugh (1999). Time: From Micro-Seconds to Millennia, a Search for the Right Time. Headline Book Pub..
Luis Jimenez, Castor Mendez & Axel Cleeremans (1996). Comparing Direct and Indirect Measures of Sequence Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (4):948-969.
L. Nathan Oaklander & V. Alan White (2007). B-Time: A Reply to Tallant. Analysis 67 (4):332–340.
Henning Schmidgen (2004). Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477 - 513.
N. Meiran, Bernhard Hommel, U. Bibi & I. Lev (2002). Consciousness and Control in Task Switching. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):10-33.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #555,413 of 1,796,307 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,135 of 1,796,307 )
How can I increase my downloads?