The future of a discipline: Considering the ontological/methodological future of the anthropology of consciousness, part I
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (1):1-29 (2010)
Calling for an expanded framework of EuroAmerican science's methodology whose perspective acknowledges both quantitative/etic and qualitative/emic orientations is the broad focus of this article. More specifically this article argues that our understanding of shamanic and/or other related states of consciousness has been greatly enhanced through ethnographic methods, yet in their present form these methods fail to provide the means to fully comprehend these states. They fail, or are limited, because this approach is only a “cognitive interpretation” or “metanarrative” of the actual experience and not the experience itself. Consequently this perspective is also limited because the researcher continues to assess his or her data through the lens of their symbolic constructs, thereby preventing them from truly experiencing shamanic and psi/spirit approaches to knowing since the data collection process does not “in and of itself” affect the observer. We, therefore, need expanded ethnographic methods that include within their approaches an understanding of methods and techniques to experientially encounter these states of consciousness—and become transformed by them. Our becoming transformed and then recollecting our ethnoautobiographical experiences is the means toward a new kind of science and its methods of inquiry that this article seeks to encourage
|Keywords||transpersonal ethnography methodology humanistic shamanism|
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References found in this work BETA
Mark A. Schroll (2005). Introduction: Primordial Visions in an Age of Technology. Anthropology of Consciousness 16 (1):1-5.
Sarah Williams (2007). Meditations on Anthropology Without an Object: Boulder Hopping in Streams of Consciousness. Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (1):65-106.
Hillary S. Webb & Francis X. Charet (2007). Doing Consciousness Studies at Goddard College. Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (1):51-64.
Sara E. Lewis (2008). Ayahuasca and Spiritual Crisis: Liminality as Space for Personal Growth. Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (2):109-133.
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Citations of this work BETA
Mark A. Schroll & Susan Greenwood (2011). Worldviews in Collision/Worldviews in Metamorphosis: Toward a Multistate Paradigm. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (1):49-60.
Mark A. Schroll & Heather Walker (2011). Diagnosing the Human Superiority Complex: Providing Evidence the Eco-Crisis is Born of Conscious Agency. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (1):39-48.
Karen Ann Watson-Gegeo & David Welchman Gegeo (2011). Divergent Discourses: The Epistemology of Healing in an American Medical Clinic and a Kwara'ae Village. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):209-233.
Heather Walker (2011). Commentaries on Hurd's Integral Archaeology. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (1):100-101.
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Ronald J. Pekala & V. K. Kumar (2007). An Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Quantifying Consciousness and States of Consciousness: With Particular Reference to Understanding the Nature of Hypnosis. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 167-194.
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