The neurotechnological cerebral subject: Persistence of implicit and explicit gender norms in a network of change [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Neuroethics 5 (3):261-274 (2012)
Abstract Under the realm of neurocultures the concept of the cerebral subject emerges as the central category to define the self, socio-cultural interaction and behaviour. The brain is the reference for explaining cognitive processes and behaviour but at the same time the plastic brain is situated in current paradigms of (self)optimization on the market of meritocracy by means of neurotechnologies. This paper explores whether neurotechnological apparatuses may—due to their hybridity and malleability—bear potentials for a change in gender based attributions that have been historically legitimized by apparently natural differences between women and men. Or, in contrast, which gendered ascriptions are (again) produced in theories and applications according to the normative demands for the bio-techno-social cerebral subject situated in neoliberal power relations. An exploration of three main fields of current developments, the neurotechnological apparatus of brain-computer-interfaces, the technologies for brain tuning and the discourses in neuroeconomics, reveals first insights on these gender aspects in reliance with the ethical/political debate. Moreover, this paper concretizes questions for further research on gender and ethical aspects in the field of neurotechnologies. Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-14 DOI 10.1007/s12152-011-9129-1 Authors Sigrid Schmitz, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Cultural and Social Anthropology, University of Vienna, Alserstraße 23/22, 1080 Vienna, Austria Journal Neuroethics Online ISSN 1874-5504 Print ISSN 1874-5490
|Keywords||Neurotechnologies Neuroenhancement Cerebral subject Optimization Gender and ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Karen Barad (2006). Posthumanist Performativity : Toward an Understanding of How Matter Comes to Matter. In Deborah Orr (ed.), Belief, Bodies, and Being: Feminist Reflections on Embodiment. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Nick Bostrom (2009). Cognitive Enhancement: Methods, Ethics, Regulatory Challenges. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):311-341.
Martha J. Farah & Paul Root Wolpe (2004). Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function: New Neuroscience Technologies and Their Ethical Implications. Hastings Center Report 34 (3):35-45.
Henry Greely, Barbara Sahakian, John Harris, Ronald Kessler, Gazzaniga C., Campbell Michael, Farah Philip & J. Martha (2008). Towards Responsible Use of Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs by the Healthy. Philosophical Explorations 456 (7223):702--705.
Donna Haraway (1988). Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective. Feminist Studies 14 (3):575-599.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robyn Bluhm (2013). New Research, Old Problems: Methodological and Ethical Issues in fMRI Research Examining Sex/Gender Differences in Emotion Processing. Neuroethics 6 (2):319-330.
Femke Nijboer, Jens Clausen, Brendan Z. Allison & Pim Haselager (2013). The Asilomar Survey: Stakeholders' Opinions on Ethical Issues Related to Brain-Computer Interfacing. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 6 (3):541-578.
J. Butler (2004). Undoing Gender. Routledge.
James Giordano (2013). Unpacking Neuroscience and Neurotechnology - Instructions Not Included: Neuroethics Required. Neuroethics 6 (2):411-414.
Cayce Hook & Martha Farah (2013). Neuroscience for Educators: What Are They Seeking, and What Are They Finding? Neuroethics 6 (2):331-341.
Catherine Vidal (2012). The Sexed Brain: Between Science and Ideology. Neuroethics 5 (3):295-303.
Richard F. Curtis & Patricia MacCorquodale (1990). Stability and Change in Gender Relations. Sociological Theory 8 (2):136-152.
Simon Outram (2012). Ethical Considerations in the Framing of the Cognitive Enhancement Debate. Neuroethics 5 (2):173-184.
Tom Buller (2013). Neurotechnology, Invasiveness and the Extended Mind. Neuroethics 6 (3):593-605.
Hilde Corneliussen (2011). Gender-Technology Relations: Exploring Stability and Change. Palgrave Macmillan.
Françoise Baylis (2013). “I Am Who I Am”: On the Perceived Threats to Personal Identity From Deep Brain Stimulation. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 6 (3):513-526.
J. Wallach Scott (2010). Gender: Still a Useful Category of Analysis? Diogenes 57 (1):7-14.
Jan-Hendrik Heinrichs (2012). The Sensitivity of Neuroimaging Data. Neuroethics 5 (2):185-195.
Bruce Maxwell & Eric Racine (2012). The Ethics of Neuroeducation: Research, Practice and Policy. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 5 (2):101-103.
Added to index2011-06-23
Total downloads19 ( #88,539 of 1,101,150 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #44,333 of 1,101,150 )
How can I increase my downloads?